logo

SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences, Volume 59 , Issue 11 : 1680-1686(2016) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11431-016-0480-9

Super-Planckian thermal radiation enabled by hyperbolic surface phonon polaritons

More info
  • ReceivedAug 26, 2016
  • PublishedOct 11, 2016

Abstract

Excitation of surface resonance modes and presence of resonance-free hyperbolic modes are two common ways to enhance the near-field radiative energy transport, which can find wide applications in noncontact thermal management and energy harvesting. Here, we identify another way to achieve the super-Planckian thermal radiation via hyperbolic surface phonon polaritons (HSPhPs). Based on the fluctuation-dissipation theory, the near-field radiative heat flux between bulk hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) planes with the optical axis perpendicular to the radiative energy flow can be 120 times as large as the blackbody limit for a gap distance of 20 nm. When the film thickness is reduced to 10 nm, the radiative heat flux is found to increase by 26.3%. The underlying mechanism is attributed to the coupling of Type I HSPhPs inside the anisotropic hBN film, which improves the energy transmission coefficient over a broad wavevector space especially for waves with extremely high wavevectors. This work helps to deepen the understanding of near-field radiation between natural hyperbolic materials, and opens a new route to enhance the near-field thermal radiation.


Acknowledgment

Liu X L wants to thank the startup fund from Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (Grant No. 90YAH16057).


References

[1] Zhang Z M. Nano/Microscale Heat Transfer. New York: McGraw- Hill. 2007, Google Scholar

[2] Modest M F. Radiative Heat Transfer. 3rd ed. Cambridge: Academic Press. 2013, Google Scholar

[3] Howell J R, Siegel R, Mengüç M P. Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer. 5th ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press Taylor & Francis. 2010, Google Scholar

[4] Xuan Y. An overview of micro/nanoscaled thermal radiation and its applications. Photon Nanostr Fundam Appl, 2014, 12: 93-113 CrossRef Google Scholar

[5] Liu X L, Wang L P, Zhang Z M. Near-field thermal radiation: Recent progress and outlook. Nanoscale Microscale Thermophys Eng, 2015, 19: 98-126 CrossRef Google Scholar

[6] Song B, Fiorino A, Meyhofer E, et al. Near-field radiative thermal transport: From theory to experiment. AIP Adv, 2015, 5: 053503 CrossRef Google Scholar

[7] Rytov S M, Kravtsov Y A, Tatarskii V I. Principles of Statistical Radiophysics. New York: Springer. 1989, Google Scholar

[8] Shen S. Experimental studies of radiative heat transfer between bodies at small separations. Annu Rev Heat Transfer, 2013, 16: 327-343 CrossRef Google Scholar

[9] Park K, Zhang Z. Fundamentals and applications of near-field radiative energy transfer. Front Heat Mass Transfer, 2013, 4: 013001 Google Scholar

[10] Cahill D G, Braun P V, Chen G, et al. Nanoscale thermal transport. II. 2003–2012. Appl Phys Rev, 2014, 1: 011305 CrossRef Google Scholar

[11] Rousseau E, Siria A, Jourdan G, et al. Radiative heat transfer at the nanoscale. Nat Photonics, 2009, 3: 514-517 CrossRef Google Scholar

[12] St-Gelais R, Guha B, Zhu L, et al. Demonstration of strong near-field radiative heat transfer between integrated nanostructures. Nano Lett, 2014, 14: 6971-6975 CrossRef Google Scholar

[13] Song B, Ganjeh Y, Sadat S, et al. Enhancement of near-field radiative heat transfer using polar dielectric thin films. Nat Nanotechnol, 2015, 10: 253-258 CrossRef Google Scholar

[14] Kittel A, Muller-Hirsch W, Parisi J, et al. Near-field heat transfer in a scanning thermal microscope. Phys Rev Lett, 2005, 95: 224301 CrossRef Google Scholar

[15] Lim M, Lee S S, Lee B J. Near-field thermal radiation between doped silicon plates at nanoscale gaps. Phys Rev B, 2015, 91: 195136 CrossRef Google Scholar

[16] Dimatteo R S, Greiff P, Finberg S L, et al. Enhanced photogeneration of carriers in a semiconductor via coupling across a nonisothermal nanoscale vacuum gap. Appl Phys Lett, 2001, 79: 1894-1896 CrossRef Google Scholar

[17] Park K, Basu S, King W P, et al. Performance analysis of near-field thermophotovoltaic devices considering absorption distribution. J Quant Spectrosc Ra, 2008, 109: 305-316 CrossRef Google Scholar

[18] Bernardi M P, Dupré O, Blandre E, et al. Impacts of propagating, frustrated and surface modes on radiative, electrical and thermal losses in nanoscale-gap thermophotovoltaic power generators. Sci Rep, 2015, 5: 11626 CrossRef Google Scholar

[19] Narayanaswamy A, Chen G. Surface modes for near field thermophotovoltaics. Appl Phys Lett, 2003, 82: 3544-3546 CrossRef Google Scholar

[20] Messina R, Ben-Abdallah P. Graphene-based photovoltaic cells for near-field thermal energy conversion. Sci Rep, 2013, 3: 1383 Google Scholar

[21] Guha B, Otey C, Poitras C B, et al. Near-field radiative cooling of nanostructures. Nano Lett, 2012, 12: 4546-4550 CrossRef Google Scholar

[22] Mulet J P, Joulain K, Carminati R, et al. Nanoscale radiative heat transfer between a small particle and a plane surface. Appl Phys Lett, 2001, 78: 2931-2933 CrossRef Google Scholar

[23] Otey C R, Lau W T, Fan S. Thermal rectification through vacuum. Phys Rev Lett, 2010, 104: 154301 CrossRef Google Scholar

[24] Wang L P, Zhang Z M. Thermal rectification enabled by near-field radiative heat transfer between intrinsic silicon and a dissimilar material. Nanoscale Microscale Thermophys Eng, 2013, 17: 337-348 CrossRef Google Scholar

[25] Huang J G, Li Q, Zheng Z H, et al. Thermal rectification based on thermochromic materials. Int J Heat Mass Transf, 2013, 67: 575-580 CrossRef Google Scholar

[26] Zhu L, Otey C R, Fan S. Ultrahigh-contrast and large-bandwidth thermal rectification in near-field electromagnetic thermal transfer between nanoparticles. Phys Rev B, 2013, 88: 184301 CrossRef Google Scholar

[27] Yang Y, Basu S, Wang L. Radiation-based near-field thermal rectification with phase transition materials. Appl Phys Lett, 2013, 103: 163101 CrossRef Google Scholar

[28] Ben-Abdallah P, Biehs S-A . Near-field thermal transistor. Phys Rev Lett, 2014, 112: 044301 CrossRef Google Scholar

[29] Cui L, Huang Y, Wang J, et al. Ultrafast modulation of near-field heat transfer with tunable metamaterials. Appl Phys Lett, 2013, 102: 053106 CrossRef Google Scholar

[30] Gu W, Tang G-H , Tao W-Q . Thermal switch and thermal rectification enabled by near-field radiative heat transfer between three slabs. Int J Heat Mass Transf, 2015, 82: 429-434 CrossRef Google Scholar

[31] Iizuka H, Fan S. Rectification of evanescent heat transfer between dielectric-coated and uncoated silicon carbide plates. J Appl Phys, 2012, 112: 024304 CrossRef Google Scholar

[32] Chen K, Santhanam P, Sandhu S, et al. Heat-flux control and solid- state cooling by regulating chemical potential of photons in near-field electromagnetic heat transfer. Phys Rev B, 2015, 91: 134301 CrossRef Google Scholar

[33] Liu X L, Zhang Z M. High-performance electroluminescent refrigeration enabled by photon tunneling. Nano Energy, 2016, 26: 353-359 CrossRef Google Scholar

[34] Mulet J-P , Joulain K, Carminati R, et al. Enhanced radiative heat transfer at nanometric distances. Microscale Thermophys Eng, 2002, 6: 209-222 CrossRef Google Scholar

[35] Zheng Z, Xuan Y. Theory of near-field radiative heat transfer for stratified magnetic media. Int J Heat Mass Transf, 2011, 54: 1101-1110 CrossRef Google Scholar

[36] Biehs S A, Tschikin M, Ben-Abdallah P. Hyperbolic metamaterials as an analog of a blackbody in the near field. Phys Rev Lett, 2012, 109: 104301 CrossRef Google Scholar

[37] Guo Y, Cortes C L, Molesky S, et al. Broadband super-Planckian thermal emission from hyperbolic metamaterials. Appl Phys Lett, 2012, 101: 131106 CrossRef Google Scholar

[38] Liu X L, Zhang R Z, Zhang Z M. Near-field thermal radiation between hyperbolic metamaterials: Graphite and carbon nanotubes. Appl Phys Lett, 2013, 103: 213102 CrossRef Google Scholar

[39] Liu B, Shen S. Broadband near-field radiative thermal emitter/absorber based on hyperbolic metamaterials: Direct numerical simulation by the Wiener chaos expansion method. Phys Rev B, 2013, 87: 115403 CrossRef Google Scholar

[40] Liu X L, Zhang R Z, Zhang Z M. Near-field radiative heat transfer with doped-silicon nanostructured metamaterials. Int J Heat Mass Transf, 2014, 73: 389-398 CrossRef Google Scholar

[41] Chang J-Y , Basu S, Wang L. Indium tin oxide nanowires as hyperbolic metamaterials for near-field radiative heat transfer. J Appl Phys, 2015, 117: 054309 CrossRef Google Scholar

[42] Liu X L, Bright T J, Zhang Z M. Application conditions of effective medium theory in near-field radiative heat transfer between multilayered metamaterials. J Heat Transfer, 2014, 136: 092703 CrossRef Google Scholar

[43] Liu X L, Zhao B, Zhang Z M. Enhanced near-field thermal radiation and reduced Casimir stiction between doped-Si gratings. Phys Rev A, 2015, 91: 062510 CrossRef Google Scholar

[44] Kumar A, Low T, Fung K H, et al. Tunable light-matter interaction and the role of hyperbolicity in graphene-hBN system. Nano Lett, 2015, 15: 3172-3180 CrossRef Google Scholar

[45] Zhao B, Zhang Z M. Enhanced photon tunneling by surface plasmon-phonon polaritons in graphene/hBN heterostructures. J Heat Transfer, 2016, doi: 10.1115/1.4034793. Google Scholar

[46] Cortes C L, Newman W, Molesky S, et al. Quantum nanophotonics using hyperbolic metamaterials. J Opt, 2012, 14: 063001 CrossRef Google Scholar

[47] Biehs S-A , Rosa F S S, Ben-Abdallah P. Modulation of near-field heat transfer between two gratings. Appl Phys Lett, 2011, 98: 243102 CrossRef Google Scholar

[48] Rosa F S S, Dalvit D A R, Milonni P W. Casimir interactions for anisotropic magnetodielectric metamaterials. Phys Rev A, 2008, 78: 032117 CrossRef Google Scholar

[49] Mao Y D, Xu M T. Non-Fourier heat conduction in a thin gold film heated by an ultra-fast-laser. Sci China Tech Sci, 2015, 58: 638-649 CrossRef Google Scholar

[50] Da Y, Xuan Y. Perfect solar absorber based on nanocone structure surface for high efficiency solar thermoelectric generators. Sci China Tech Sci, 2015, 58: 19-28 CrossRef Google Scholar

[51] Wang K, He Y L, Cheng Z D. A design method and numerical study for a new type parabolic trough solar collector with uniform solar flux distribution. Sci China Tech Sci, 2014, 57: 531-540 CrossRef Google Scholar

[52] Gomez-Diaz J S, Tymchenko M, Alù A. Hyperbolic plasmons and topological transitions over uniaxial metasurfaces. Phys Rev Lett, 2015, 114: 233901 CrossRef Google Scholar

[53] Liu X L, Zhang Z M. Giant enhancement of nanoscale thermal radiation based on hyperbolic graphene plasmons. Appl Phys Lett, 2015, 107: 143114 CrossRef Google Scholar

[54] Francoeur M, Mengüç M P, Vaillon R. Near-field radiative heat transfer enhancement via surface phonon polaritons coupling in thin films. Appl Phys Lett, 2008, 93: 043109 CrossRef Google Scholar

[55] Basu S, Francoeur M. Maximum near-field radiative heat transfer between thin films. Appl Phys Lett, 2011, 98: 243120 CrossRef Google Scholar

[56] Liu X L, Zhang Z M. Near-field thermal radiation between metasurfaces. ACS Photon, 2015, 2: 1320-1326 CrossRef Google Scholar

  • Figure 1

    (Color online) Schematic of near-field thermal radiation between two hBN films with a gap distance of d. The top emitter and the bottom receiver are assumed to have the same thickness of t with temperatures of T1 = 310 K and T2 = 290 K as default. The dash-dotted line denotes the optical axis along the x coordinate.

  • Figure 2

    (Color online) Radiative heat flux between hBN films as a function of film thickness with d = 20 nm.

  • Figure 3

    (Color online) Spectral radiative heat flux at d = 20 nm.

  • Figure 4

    (Color online) Energy transmission coefficient distributions at 1.5´1014 rad/s. (a) Bulk hBN plate; (b) thin hBN film with a thickness of 10 nm. The white dash line represents the approximate dispersion relation of HSPhPs given by eq. (9).

  • Figure 5

    (Color online) Energy transmission coefficient distributions at 2.8´1014 rad/s. (a) Bulk hBN plate; (b) thin hBN film with a thickness of 10 nm.

  • Figure 6

    (Color online) Energy transmission coefficient distributions. (a) Bulk hBN plate at 2.96´1014 rad/s; (b) thin hBN film with a thickness of 10 nm at 3.0´1014 rad/s.

Copyright 2020 Science China Press Co., Ltd. 《中国科学》杂志社有限责任公司 版权所有

京ICP备17057255号       京公网安备11010102003388号