SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences, Volume 60 , Issue 11 : 1625-1637(2017) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11431-017-9072-9

Iron ores matching analysis and optimization for iron-making system by taking energy consumption, CO2 emission or cost minimization as the objective

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  • ReceivedFeb 5, 2017
  • AcceptedMay 23, 2017
  • PublishedAug 8, 2017


An optimization model for iron-making system covering sinter matching process to blast furnace process is established, in which the energy consumption, CO2 emission and cost minimizations are taken as optimization objectives. Some key constraints are considered according to practical production experience in the modelling. The combination of linear programming (LP) and nonlinear programming (NLP) methods is applied. The optimal sinter matching scheme under given conditions and the optimization results for different objectives are obtained. Effects of sinter grade and basicity on all the optimal objectives and coke ratio in blast furnace process are analyzed, respectively. The results obtained indicate that compared with the initial values, the energy consumption/CO2 emission of iron-making system decreases by 2.03% for objectives of energy consumption/CO2 emission minimizations and 1.89% for the objective of cost minimization, the cost decreases by 17.88% and 18.13%, respectively. All the three criteria decrease with the increasing lump usage, coal powder injection, blast temperature, and decreasing coke ratio for the iron-making system.

Funded by

National Key Basic Research and Development Program of China(2012CB720405)

National Nature Science Foundation of Naval University of Engineering(HG DYDJJ-13002)

unbiased and constructive suggestions

which led to this revised manuscript.


This work was supported by the National Key Basic Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2012CB720405), and the Natural Science Foundation of Naval University of Engineering (Grant No. HG DYDJJ-13002).


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