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SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences, Volume 62 , Issue 8 : 1246-1254(2019) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11431-018-9500-y

Chemo-mechanical coupling effect in the high-temperature oxidation of metal materials: A review

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  • ReceivedOct 31, 2018
  • AcceptedMar 20, 2019
  • PublishedJul 11, 2019

Abstract

The metal materials are susceptible to be oxidized when they are exposed to the complex and harsh environments, especially at the elevated temperature. The development of corresponding chemo-mechanical coupling theory is indispensable in theoretically and numerically predicting the material properties reduction and failures due to the oxidation. In this paper, we review the historical sketch of the coupling theory of chemical reactions and mechanics in the high-temperature oxidation of metal materials. The oxidation results in the stress generation while the generated stress in turn affects the chemical reaction rate and the diffusion process of the reactants. It is therefore a complex chemo-mechanical coupling problem. This review begins with the discussion of the diffusion-controlled oxidation, and then discusses the stress-dependent diffussion during the oxidation and the oxide growth induced stress, and ends with the discussion of interaction between chemical reactions and stress. This review of chemo-mechanical coupling literature is not exhaustive; we review much of the fundamental literature and draw comparisons of coupling theory development in the filed of metal oxidation.


Funded by

SHEN ShengPing would like to express the gratitude for the support of National Natural Science Foundation of China(Grant,No.,11632014)

the Chang Jiang Scholar Program

and the “111” Project(Grant,No.,B18040)

CHD(Grant,No.,300102289302)


Acknowledgment

SHEN ShengPing would like to express the gratitude for the support of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11632014), the Chang Jiang Scholar Program, and the “111” Project (Grant No. B18040). YU WenShan acknowledges the support of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11502191, 11872049). WANG HaiLong thanks the support by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, CHD (Grant No. 300102289302).


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  • Figure 1

    (Color online) Schematic diagram of diffusion mechanism, reproduced from ref. [3].

  • Figure 2

    (Color online) Schematic diagram of diffusion path and newly formed oxide position, reproduced from ref. [6].

  • Figure 3

    (Color online) Schematic diagram of possible position of the newly formed oxide lamella, reproduced from ref. [6].

  • Figure 4

    (Color online) Schematic diagram of the dislocation climb model, reproduced from ref. [50].

  • Figure 5

    (Color online) Schematic diagram of bending deformation of oxide-substrate system during one-side oxidation process, reproduced from ref. [57].

  • Figure 6

    (Color online) Stress distribution in the viscoplastic oxide layer, reproduced from ref. [90].

  • Table 1   PBR of some common metals and alloys

    Substrate

    Oxide

    PBR

    K

    K2O

    0.45

    Mg

    MgO

    0.81

    W

    WO3

    3.30

    V

    V2O5

    3.19

    Cr

    Cr2O3

    2.07

    Al

    α-Al2O3

    1.28

    Al

    γ-Al2O3

    1.38

    Ni

    NiO

    1.65

    Ti

    TiO2

    1.73

    Ni-20Cr-0.4Ti

    NiO

    1.47

    Ni-20Cr-0.4Ti

    Cr2O3

    2.14

    Ni-30Cr-1.8Ti-1.0Al

    Cr2O3

    2.11

    Fe-18Cr-9Ni-0.65Ti

    Cr2O3

    2.08

    Fe-22Cr-5Al-0.3Y

    Al2O3

    1.92

    Co-30Cr-6Al

    Al2O3

    1.94

    Ti-5.0Al-2.5Sn

    TiO2

    1.80

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