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SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences, Volume 62 , Issue 11 : 1896-1906(2019) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11431-019-9512-0

Cotransport of graphene oxides/reduced graphene oxides with BPA in both bare and iron oxides coated quartz sand

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  • ReceivedFeb 28, 2019
  • AcceptedApr 17, 2019
  • PublishedSep 24, 2019

Abstract

This study investigated the cotransport behaviors of graphene oxides (GO) and reduced graphene oxides (RGO) with bisphenol A (BPA) in porous media in both NaCl (1 and 10 mmol/L) and CaCl2 solutions (0.5 and 1.5 mmol/L) at pH 6.5. Both bare and iron oxides-coated quartz sand were employed as porous media in present study. We found that under all examined solution conditions, the presence of BPA (100 μg/L) did not have obvious influence on the transport of both GO and RGO (8 mg/L as TOC) in both bare and iron oxides-coated quartz sand. Although the dissolved BPA was the major form dominating the transport behaviors of total BPA in the presence of GO/RGO, yet the GO/RGO-associated BPA (due to the adsorption of BPA onto GO/RGO surfaces) also had some contribution to the transport of total BPA in the presence of GO/RGO in two types of porous media. Overall, due to the different transport behaviors of GO and RGO under different solution conditions, we found that the presence of GO/RGO decreased the transport of total BPA under all examined solution conditions in two types of porous media with the smallest decrease in 1 mmol/L NaCl solutions and the largest in 1.5 mmol/L CaCl2 solutions. The results of this study clearly indicated that when BPA was co-present with GO/RGO, the transport behaviors of GO/RGO in porous media would have great influences on the fate and transport of BPA in natural environments due to their adsorption onto GO/RGO.


Funded by

the National Natural Science Foundation of China(Grant,Nos.,21377006,40971181)


Acknowledgment

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 21377006 and 40971181).


Supplement

Supporting Information

The supporting information is available online at tech.scichina.com and link.springer.com. The supporting materials are published as submitted, without typesetting or editing. The responsibility for scientific accuracy and content remains entirely with the authors.


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  • Figure 1

    Breakthrough curves for GO and RGO in bare quartz sand both in the absence and presence of BPA in suspensions in NaCl (1 mmol/L as low ionic strength, 10 mmol/L as high ionic strength) and CaCl2 solutions (0.5 mmol/L as low ionic strength, 1.5 mmol/L as high ionic strength). Replicate experiments were performed under all conditions (n≥2). “w/” and “w/o” refers to “with” and “without”, respectively.

  • Figure 2

    Breakthrough curves for GO with and without pretreatment the quartz sand with 10 pore volumes of 100 μg/L BPA 1 mmol/L NaCl and 0.5 mmol/L CaCl2 solutions. Error bars represent standard deviations of replicate experiments (n≥2). “w/” and “w/o” refers to “with” and “without”, respectively.

  • Figure 3

    Breakthrough curves for GO and RGO in iron oxides coated quartz sand both in the absence and presence of BPA in suspensions in NaCl (1 mmol/L as low ionic strength, 10 mmol/L as high ionic strength) and CaCl2 solutions (0.5 mmol/L as low ionic strength, 1.5 mmol/L as high ionic strength). Replicate experiments were performed under all conditions (n≥2). “w/” and “w/o” refers to “with” and “without”, respectively.

  • Figure 4

    Breakthrough curves for BPA in bare quartz sand both in the absence and presence of GO in suspensions in NaCl and CaCl2 solutions. Replicate experiments were performed under all conditions (n≥2). “w/” and “w/o” refers to “with” and “without”, respectively.

  • Figure 5

    Breakthrough curves for BPA in iron oxides coated quartz sand both in the absence and presence of GO in suspensions in NaCl and CaCl2 solutions. Replicate experiments were performed under all conditions (n≥2). “w/” and “w/o” refers to “with” and “without”, respectively.

  • Figure 6

    Breakthrough curves for BPA in bare quartz sand both in the absence and presence of RGO in suspensions in NaCl and CaCl2 solutions. Replicate experiments were performed under all conditions (n≥2). “w/” and “w/o” refers to “with” and “without”, respectively.

  • Figure 7

    Breakthrough curves for BPA in iron oxides coated quartz sand both in the absence and presence of RGO in suspensions in NaCl and CaCl2 solutions. Replicate experiments were performed under all conditions (n≥2). “w/” and “w/o” refers to “with” and “without”, respectively.

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