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SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences, Volume 60, Issue 10: 102302(2017) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-016-0291-9

Novel multi-tap analog self-interference cancellation architecture with shared phase-shifter for full-duplex communications

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  • ReceivedJun 14, 2016
  • AcceptedSep 30, 2016
  • PublishedMar 28, 2017

Abstract

Multi-tap analog self-interference (SI) cancellation structures adopt parallel taps to reconstruct and then cancel SI in full-duplex radios. Each tap is usually comprised of one fixed delay line, one variable attenuator, and one optional variable phase shifter. To balance the quantity of the variable phase shifters and the achievable SI cancellation (SIC) performance, this paper proposes a novel analog SIC cancellation structure, called shared-phase-shifter constrained multi-tap structure (SMTS). In the proposed architecture, all taps share one phase shifter to emulate the dominated phase offset of the SI channel, which reduces the complexity of the implementation of the multi-tap analog SIC structure and avoids the SIC performance degradation. Then, the proposed SMTS and the existing structures are compared in terms of SIC performance and power dissipation. Finally, extensive simulations show that SMTS provides the close-to-optimal SIC performance as well as the lowest power dissipation relative to the existing multi-tap structures.


Acknowledgment

This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61531009, 61501093, 61271164, 61471108) and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.


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  • Figure 1

    Multi-tap analog SIC schemes. (a) CMTS; (b) DMTS.

  • Figure 2

    The proposed SMTS.

  • Figure 3

    Design of the reconfigurable power combiner array. (a) Structure of a SuDiC; (b) structure of the proposed reconfigurable power combiner array, where $x_i$ represents the signal from the $i$th tap.

  • Figure 4

    (a) Considered FD transceiver frontend; (b) power delay profile of SI channel.

  • Figure 5

    (Color online) Convergence of the developed numerical algorithm with 7 taps, i.e., $N=7$. (a) $G_\text{SMTS}$ vs. iteration time for 20-MHz SI; (b) $G_\text{SMTS}$ vs. iteration time for 100-MHz SI; (c) $\phi$ vs. iteration time for 20-MHz SI; (d) $\phi$ vs. iteration time for 100-MHz SI.

  • Figure 6

    (Color online) SIC performance vs. tap number. (a) 20-MHz SI; (b) 100-MHz SI.

  • Figure 7

    (Color online) CDF of SIC performance. (a) 20-MHz SI and $N=3$; (b) 20-MHz SI and $N=5$; (c) 20-MHz SI and $N=7$; (d) 100-MHz SI and $N=3$; (e) 100-MHz SI and $N=5$; (f) 100-MHz SI and $N=7$. Simulations are performed by 3000 times.

  • Figure 8

    (Color online) Coupling channel. The tap number is 7, i.e., $N=7$. (a) Magnitude response with 20-MHz SI; (b) magnitude response with 100-MHz SI; (c) time domain response with 20-MHz SI; (d) time domain response with 100-MHz SI.

  • Figure 9

    (Color online) CDF of reconstruction power efficiency. The delay interval of the delay lines is $\Delta\tau=4$ ns. (a) 20-MHz SI and $N=3$; (b) 20-MHz SI and $N=5$; (c) 20-MHz SI and $N=7$; (d) 100-MHz SI and $N=3$; (e) 100-MHz SI and $N=5$; (f) 100-MHz SI and $N=7$. Simulations are performed by 3000 times.

  •   

    Algorithm 1 The numerical algorithm to solve (10)

    Require:Given threshold $P_\text{th}$, one temporary variable $k$;

    $\boldsymbol{\tilde{A}}_0\Leftarrow0$, $P_\text{e}(0)\Leftarrow {{{P}_{\text{tx}}}}I_{\text{t/r}}$, $\phi_0\Leftarrow0$, $k\Leftarrow0$;

    repeat

    $k\Leftarrow k+1$;

    $\boldsymbol{\tilde{A}}_k\Leftarrow\textrm{Re}\{\boldsymbol{O}^\text{H}\boldsymbol{R}_b\boldsymbol{O}\}^{-1}\textrm{Re}\{\boldsymbol{O}^\text{H}\boldsymbol{C}_b\boldsymbol{Q}\boldsymbol{H}\exp(-\text{j} \phi_{k-1})\}$;

    $\phi_k\Leftarrow\text{Ang}\{{\boldsymbol{O}^\text{H}\boldsymbol{C}_b\boldsymbol{Q}\boldsymbol{H}^\text{T}\boldsymbol{\tilde{A}}_k}\}$;

    $P_\text{e}(k)\Leftarrow{{{P}_{\text{tx}}}}(I_{\text{t/r}}-\textrm{Re}\{\boldsymbol{H}^\text{H}\boldsymbol{Q}^\text{H}\boldsymbol{C}^\text{H}_b\boldsymbol{O}\boldsymbol{\tilde{A}}_k\exp(\text{j} \phi_k)\}+\boldsymbol{\tilde{A}}_k^\text{T}\boldsymbol{O}^\text{H}\boldsymbol{R}_b\boldsymbol{O}\boldsymbol{\tilde{A}}_k)$;

    until $\|P_\text{e}(k)-P_\text{e}(k-1)\|\le P_\text{th}$

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