logo

SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences, Volume 59, Issue 12: 121301(2016) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-016-0588-8

An overview of multi-antenna technologies for space-ground integrated networks

More info
  • ReceivedSep 1, 2016
  • AcceptedSep 28, 2016
  • PublishedNov 2, 2016

Abstract

Multi-antenna technologies have already achieved a series of great successes in the development of information networks. For future space-ground integrated networks (SGINs), the traditional various kinds of separated information networks will converge to a whole fully connected information network to provide more flexible and reliable services on a world scale. Regarding their great successes in existing systems, multi-antenna technologies will be of critical importance for the realization of SGINs and multi-antenna technologies are definitely one of the most important enabling technologies for future converged SGINs. In this article, a comprehensive overview on multi-antenna technologies is given. We first investigate multi-antenna technologies from a theoretical viewpoint. It is shown that we can understand multi-antenna technologies in a general and unified point of view. This fact has two-fold meanings. First, the research on multi-antennas can help us understand the relationships between different technologies e.g., OFDMA, CDMA, etc. On the other hand, multi-antenna technologies are easy to integrate into various information systems. Following that, we discuss in depth the potentials and challenges of the multi-antenna technologies on different platforms and in different applications case by case. More specifically, we investigate spaceborne multi-antenna technologies, airborne multi-antenna technologies, shipborne multi-antenna technologies, etc. Moreover, the combinations of multi-antenna technologies with other advanced wireless technologies e.g., physical layer network coding, cooperative communication, etc., are also elaborated.


Acknowledgment

Acknowledgments

This work was supported in part by National Scientific Foundation of China for Young Scholars (Grant Nos. 61301088, 61301089).


References

[1] Telatar E. Capacity of multi-antenna gaussian channels. Europ Trans Telecommun, 1999, 10: 585-595 CrossRef Google Scholar

[2] Larsson E G, Stoica P. Space-Time Block Coding for Wireless Communications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Google Scholar

[3] Paulraj A J, Gore D A, Nabar R U, et al. An overview of MIMO communications-a key to gigabit wireless. Proc IEEE, 2004, 92: 198-218 CrossRef Google Scholar

[4] Zhang Z S, Chai X M, Long K P, et al. Full-duplex techniques for 5G networks: self-interference cancellation, protocol design and relay selection. IEEE Commun Mag, 2015, 53: 128-137 Google Scholar

[5] Zhang Z S, Long K P, Vasilakos A V, et al. Full-duplex wireless communications: challenges, solutions and future research directions. Proc IEEE, 2016, 104: 1369-1409 CrossRef Google Scholar

[6] Yuan Y F, Zhu L M. Application scenarios and enabling technologies of 5G. China Commun, 2014, 11: 69-79 Google Scholar

[7] Zhang Z S, Wang X Y, Long K P, et al. Large-scale MIMO based wireless backhaul in 5G networks. IEEE Wirel Commun, 2015, 22: 58-66 Google Scholar

[8] Pang X D, Hong X, Yang T Y, et al. Design and implementation of an active multibeam antenna system with 64 RF channels and 256 antenna elements for massive MIMO application in 5G wireless communications. China Commun, 2014, 11: 16-23 Google Scholar

[9] Chockalingam A, Rajan B S. Large MIMO Systems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. Google Scholar

[10] Liolis K P, Gomez V J, Casini E, et al. Statistical modeling of dual-polarized MIMO land mobile satellite channels. IEEE Trans Commun, 2010, 58: 3077-3083 Google Scholar

[11] King P R, Brown T W C, Kyrgiazos A, et al. Empirical-stochastic LMS-MIMO channel model implementation and validation. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 2012, 60: 606-614 CrossRef Google Scholar

[12] Yao Y, Wang X, Chen X D, et al. Novel diversity/MIMO PIFA antenna with broadband circular polarization for multimode satellite navigation. IEEE Antenn Wirel Propag Lett, 2012, 11: 65-68 CrossRef Google Scholar

[13] Kourogiorgas C, Kvicera M, Skraparlis D, et al. Modeling of first-order statistics of the MIMO dual polarized channel at 2GHz for land mobile satellite systems under tree shadowing. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 2014, 62: 5410-5415 CrossRef Google Scholar

[14] Petropoulou P, Michailidis E T, Panagopoulos A D, et al. Radio propagation channel measurements for multi-antenna satellite communication systems: a survey. IEEE Antenn Propag Mag, 2014, 56: 102-122 CrossRef Google Scholar

[15] Cheffena M, Perez F F, Lacoste F, et al. Land mobile satellite dual polarized MIMO channel along roadside trees: modeling and performance evaluation. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 2012, 60: 597-605 CrossRef Google Scholar

[16] Arapoglou P, Liolis K, Bertinelli M, et al. MIMO over satellite: a review. IEEE Commun Surv Tutor, 2011, 13: 27-51 CrossRef Google Scholar

[17] Liolis K P, Gómez-Vilardebó J, Casini E, et al. On the statistical modeling of MIMO land mobile satellite channels: a consolidated approach. In: Proceedings of 27th AIAA International Communications Satellite Systems Conference (ICSSC), Edinburgh, 2009. 422--422. Google Scholar

[18] Jung Y B, Eom S Y. Dual-band horn array design using a helical exciter for mobile satellite communication terminals. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 2012, 60: 1336-1342 CrossRef Google Scholar

[19] Arapoglou P, Burzigotti P, Bertinelli M, et al. To MIMO or not to MIMO in mobile satellite broadcasting systems. IEEE Trans Wirel Commun, 2011, 10: 2807-2811 CrossRef Google Scholar

[20] King P R, Stavrou S. Land mobile-satellite MIMO capacity predictions. Electron Lett, 2015, 41: 1-2 Google Scholar

[21] Byman A, Hulkkonen A, Arapoglou P D, et al. MIMO for mobile satellite digital broadcasting: from theory to practice. IEEE Trans Vel Technol, 2016, 65: 4839-4853 CrossRef Google Scholar

[22] Joroughi V, Vázquez M, Pérez-Neira A. Precoding in multigateway multibeam satellite systems. IEEE Trans Wirel Commun, 2016, 15: 4944-4956 Google Scholar

[23] Arti M K, Jindal S K. OSTBC transmission in shadowed-rician land mobile satellite links. IEEE Trans Vel Technol, 2016, 65: 5771-5777 CrossRef Google Scholar

[24] King P R, Stavrou S. Capacity improvement for a land mobile single satellite MIMO system. IEEE Antenn Wirel Propag Lett, 2006, 5: 98-100 CrossRef Google Scholar

[25] Alfano G, Maio A D, Tulino A M. A theoretical framework for LMS MIMO communication systems performance analysis. IEEE Trans Inf Theory, 2010, 56: 5614-5630 CrossRef Google Scholar

[26] Zheng G, Chatzinotas S, Ottersten B. Generic optimization of linear precoding in multibeam satellite systems. IEEE Trans Wirel Commun, 2012, 11: 2308-2320 CrossRef Google Scholar

[27] Gong S H, Wei D X, Xue X W, et al. Study on the channel model and BER performance of single-polarization satellite-earth MIMO communication systems at Ka band. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 2014, 62: 5282-5297 CrossRef Google Scholar

[28] Zhang Z S, Long K P, Wang J P, et al. On swarm intelligence inspired self-organized networking: its bionic mechanisms, designing principles and optimization approaches. IEEE Commun Surv Tut, 2014, 16: 513-537 CrossRef Google Scholar

[29] Zhang Z S, Long K P, Wang J P, et al. Self-organization paradigms and optimization approaches for cognitive radio technologies: a survey. IEEE Wirel Commun, 2013, 20: 36-42 Google Scholar

[30] Zheng J, Li J D, Liu Q, et al. On minimizing delay with probabilistic splitting of traffic flow in heterogeneous wireless networks. China Commun, 2014, 11: 62-71 CrossRef Google Scholar

[31] Yu Q Y, Meng W X, Yang M C, et al. Virtual multi-beamforming for distributed satellite clusters in space information networks. IEEE Wirel Commun, 2016, 23: 95-101 CrossRef Google Scholar

[32] Palomar D P, Cioffi J M, Lagunas M A. Joint Tx-Rx beamforming design for multicarrier MIMO channels: a unified framework for convex optimization. IEEE Trans Signal Process, 2003, 51: 2381-2401 CrossRef Google Scholar

[33] Foschini G J, Gans M J. On limits of wireless communications in a fading environment when using multiple antennas. Wirel Pers Commun, 1998, 6: 311-335 CrossRef Google Scholar

[34] Shankar B, Arapoglou P D, Ottersten B. Space-frequency coding for dual polarized hybrid mobile satellite systems. IEEE Trans Wirel Commun, 2012, 11: 2806-2814 Google Scholar

[35] Carcia V, Zhou Y, Shi J. Coordinated multipoint transmission in dense cellular networks with user-centric adaptive clustering. IEEE Trans Wirel Commun, 2014, 13: 4297-4308 CrossRef Google Scholar

[36] Xing C W, Ma S S, Zhou Y Q. Matrix-monotonic optimization for MIMO systems. IEEE Trans Signal Process, 2015, 63: 334-348 CrossRef Google Scholar

[37] Sampath H, Stoica P, Paulraj A. Generalized linear precoder and decoder design for MIMO channels using the weighted MMSE criterion. IEEE Trans Commun, 2002, 49: 2198-2206 Google Scholar

[38] Xing C W, Ma Y, Zhou Y Q, et al. Transceiver optimization for multi-hop communications with per-antenna power constraints. IEEE Trans Signal Process, 2016, 64: 1519-1534 CrossRef Google Scholar

[39] Masouros C, Chen J L, Tong K, et al. Large scale antenna arrays with increasing sntennas in limited physical space. China Commun, 2015, 11: 7-15 Google Scholar

[40] Lagunas E, Sharma S, Maleki S, et al. Resource allocation for cognitive satellite communications with incumbent terrestrial networks. IEEE Trans Cogn Commun Netw, 2015, l: 305-317 Google Scholar

[41] Bisio I, Delucchi S, Lavagetto F, et al. $L_p$-problem based transmission rate allocation with packet loss and power metrics over satellite networks. IEEE Trans Vel Technol, 2016, 65: 3312-3325 CrossRef Google Scholar

[42] Shankar B, Arapoglou P D, Ottersten B. Space-frequency coding for dual polarized hybrid mobile satellite systems. IEEE Trans Wirel Commun, 2012, 11: 2806-2814 Google Scholar

[43] Esmaeilzadeh M, Aboutorab N, Sadeghi P. Joint optimization of throughput and packet drop rate for delay sensitive applications in TDD satellite network coded systems. IEEE Trans Commun, 2013, 62: 676-690 Google Scholar

[44] Zhu D H, Guo Y J, Wei L, et al. Transceiver optimization for multi-antenna device-to-device communications. China Commun, 2016, 13: 110-121 Google Scholar

[45] Miao T T, Wang N, Yang H W, et al. BER modified decode-and-forward protocol for OFDM-based linear multihop networks. China Commun, 2014, 11: 34-43 Google Scholar

[46] Cheffena M. High-capacity radio communication for the polar region: challenges and potential solutions. IEEE Antenn Propag Mag, 2012, 54: 238-244 Google Scholar

[47] Fakharzadeh M, Jamali S H, Mousavi P, et al. Fast beamforming for mobile satellite receiver phased arrays: theory and experiment. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 2009, 57: 1645-1654 CrossRef Google Scholar

[48] Arti M K, Bhatnagar M R. Beamforming and combining in hybrid satellite-terrestrial cooperative systems. IEEE Commun Lett, 2014, 18: 483-486 CrossRef Google Scholar

[49] Jukka K, Ari H, Juha Y, et al. Applicability of MIMO to satellite communications. Int J Satell Commun Netw, 2014, 32: 247-262 CrossRef Google Scholar

[50] Christopoulos D, Chatzinotas S, Ottersten B. Multicast multigroup precoding and user scheduling for frame-based satellite communications. IEEE Trans Wirel Commun, 2015, 14: 4695-4707 CrossRef Google Scholar

[51] Lier E, Melcher R. A modular and lightweight multibeam active phased receiving array for satellite applications: design and ground testing. IEEE Antenn Propag Mag, 2009, 51: 80-90 CrossRef Google Scholar

[52] Sellathurai M, Guinand P, Lodge J. Space-time coding in mobile satellite communications using dual-polarized channels. IEEE Trans Vel Technol, 2006, 55: 188-199 CrossRef Google Scholar

[53] Chen P, Hong W, Zhang H, et al. Virtual phase shifter array and its application on Ku band mobile satellite reception. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 2015, 63: 1408-1416 CrossRef Google Scholar

[54] Sharawi M S, Aloi D N, Rawashdeh O A. Design and implementation of embedded printed antenna arrays in small UAV wing structures. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 2010, 58: 2531-2538 CrossRef Google Scholar

[55] Tadayon N, Kaddoum G, Noumeir R. Inflight broadband connectivity using cellular networks. IEEE Trans Commun, 2016, 4: 1595-1606 Google Scholar

[56] Nawaz S J, Khan N M, Tiwana M I, et al. Airborne internet access through submarine optical fiber cables. IEEE Trans Aerosp Electron Syst, 2015, 51: 167-177 CrossRef Google Scholar

[57] Yang F C, Wang S G, Li J L, et al. An overview of Internet of vehicles. China Commun, 2014, 11: 1-15 CrossRef Google Scholar

[58] Zhou Y Z, Ai B. Quality of service improvement for high-speed railway communications. China Commun, 2014, 11: 156-167 Google Scholar

[59] Bolandhemmat H, Fakharzadeh M, Mousavi P, et al. Active stabilization of vehicle-mounted phased-array antennas. IEEE Trans Vel Technol, 2009, 58: 2638-2650 CrossRef Google Scholar

[60] Wu Z H, Li X. An improved underwater acoustic network localization algorithm. China Commun, 2015, 12: 77-83 CrossRef Google Scholar

[61] Bhatnagar M R. Making two-way satellite relaying feasible: a differential modulation based approach. IEEE Trans Commun, 2015, 63: 2836-2847 CrossRef Google Scholar

[62] Noh H J, Lee J K, Lim J S. ANC-ALOHA: analog network coding ALOHA for satellite networks. IEEE Commun Lett, 2014, 18: 957-960 CrossRef Google Scholar

[63] Arti M K. A novel beamforming and combining scheme for two-way AF satellite systems. IEEE Trans Vel Technol, 2016, 65: 1-8 CrossRef Google Scholar

[64] Zhang C. Malicious base station and detecting malicious base station signal. China Commun, 2014, 11: 59-64 CrossRef Google Scholar

[65] Wang Y J, Liao T Q, Wang C A. An anti-eavesdrop transmission scheduling scheme based on maximizing secrecy outage probability in ad hoc networks. China Commun, 2016, 13: 176-184 CrossRef Google Scholar

[66] Zou Y L, Zhu J, Wang X B, et al. A Survey on wireless security: technical challenges, recent advances, and future trends. Proc IEEE, 2016, 104: 1727-1765 CrossRef Google Scholar

[67] Bertaux L, Medjiah S, Berthou P, et al. Software defined networking and virtualization for broadband satellite networks. IEEE Commun Mag, 2015, 53: 54-60 Google Scholar

[68] Zhao J F, Zhou J T, Yang H J, et al. An orthogonal approach to reusable component discovery in cloud migration. China Commun, 2015, 12: 134-151 CrossRef Google Scholar

[69] Huang L, Zhou Y Q, Wang Y Y, et al. Advanced coverage optimization techniques for small cell clusters. China Commun, 2015, 12: 111-122 CrossRef Google Scholar

[70] Dhungana Y, Rajatheva N, Tellambura C. Performance analysis of antenna correlation on LMS-based dual-hop AF MIMO systems. IEEE Trans Vel Technol, 2012, 61: 3590-3602 CrossRef Google Scholar

[71] An K, Lin M, Liang T, et al. Performance analysis of multi-antenna hybrid satellite-terrestrial relay networks in the presence of interference. IEEE Trans Commun, 2015, 63: 4390-4404 CrossRef Google Scholar

[72] Madhumathy P, Sivakumar D. Enabling energy efficient sensory data collection using multiple mobile sink. China Commun, 2014, 11: 29-37 CrossRef Google Scholar

Copyright 2019 Science China Press Co., Ltd. 《中国科学》杂志社有限责任公司 版权所有

京ICP备18024590号-1