logo

SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences, Volume 59, Issue 12: 122305(2016) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-016-5527-7

A reliable opportunistic routing for smart grid with in-home power line communication networks

More info
  • ReceivedSep 26, 2015
  • AcceptedNov 25, 2015
  • PublishedJun 13, 2016

Abstract

The topology of in-home power line communication (PLC) networks varies frequently, which makes traditional routing algorithms failure. To solve this problem, an end-to-end transmission time for remaining path (TTRP) metric-based opportunistic routing (TTRPOR) is proposed. Since a local broadcasting scheme is adopted, the algorithm can find the optimal path for forwarding packets in a dynamic PLC network. The closed-form of the outage probability for a PLC channel is derived to estimate the TTRP. It is proved that the average throughput can achieve maximum as the metric TTRP is utilized to sort candidate forwarding nodes. Numerical results show that the end-to-end throughput of networks with TTRPOR, outperforms that of the network adopting DSR and EXOR, especially for the case of varying-topology in-home PLC networks.


Acknowledgment

Acknowledgments

This work was supported in part by Open Research Fund of National Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Environment, China Research Institute of Radiowave Propagation (Grant No. 201500013), Open Research Fund of National Mobile Communications Research Laboratory, Jiangsu Provincial Science Foundation Project (Grant No. BK20150786), Southeast University (Grant No. 2013D02), and National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants Nos. 61501238, 61271230, 61472190).


References

[1] Dubey A, Mallik R K, Schober R. Performance analysis of a power line communicationsystem employing selection combining in correlated log-normal channels and impulsive noise Communications. IET Trans Commun, 2014, 8: 1072-1082 CrossRef Google Scholar

[2] Ferreira H, Lampe L, Newbury J, et al. Power Line Communications. Hoboken: John Wiley Sons, 2010. 28--39. Google Scholar

[3] Buniller G, Lampe L, Hrasnica H. Power line communication networks for large scale control and automation systems. IEEE Commun Mag, 2010, 48: 106-113 Google Scholar

[4] Jain S, Das S R. Exploiting path diversity in the link layer in wireless ad hoc networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on a World of Wireless Mobile and Multimedia Network, Giardini, 2005. 1--22. Google Scholar

[5] Saputro N, Akkaya K, Uludag S. A survey of routing protocols for smart grid communications. Comput Netw, 2012, 56: 2742-2771 CrossRef Google Scholar

[6] Berganza I, Sendin A, Arriola J. PRIME: powerline intelligent metering evolution. In: Proceedings of IET-CIRED Seminar on Smart grids for Distribution, Frankfurt, 2008. 1--3. Google Scholar

[7] Biagi M, Grecol S, Lampe L. Neighborhood-knowledge based geo-routing in PLC. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Power Line Communications and Its Applications, Beijing, 2012. 7--12. Google Scholar

[8] Biagi G, Lampe L. Location assisted routing techniques for power line communication in smart grid. In: Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Smart Grid, Gaithersburg, 2010. 274--278. Google Scholar

[9] Steven S W, Li K L, Wu C S, et al. Optimal bandwidth guaranteed routing and time slot assignment for broadband PLC access networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Power Line Communications and Its Applications, Beijing, 2012. 224--229. Google Scholar

[10] Luo J, Hu J, Wu D, et al. Opportunistic routing algorithm for relay node selection in wireless sensor networks. IEEE Trans Ind Inf, 2015, 11: 112-120 CrossRef Google Scholar

[11] Marina M K, Das S R. On-demand multipath distance vector routing in ad hoc networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols, Princeton, 2001. 14--23. Google Scholar

[12] Lee S J, Gerla M. Split multipath routing with maximally disjoint paths in ad hoc networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications, Helsinki, 2001. 3201--3205. Google Scholar

[13] Liang S, Chen S, Ding X, et al. A broadcasting algorithm of multipath routing in narrowband power line communication networks overlapping clustering routing algorithm based on L-PLC meter reading system. In: Proceedings of Communication Software and Networks, Xi'an, 2011. 467--471. Google Scholar

[14] OPERA Deliverable D5. Pathloss as a Function of Frequency, Distance and Network Topology for Various LV and MV European Powerline Networks Opera. Technical Report 507--667, PA, 2005. Google Scholar

[15] Zeng K, Yang Z, Lou W. Location-aided opportunistic forwarding in multirate and multihop wireless networks. IEEE Trans Veh Tech, 2009, 58: 3032-3040 CrossRef Google Scholar

[16] Biswas S, Morris R. Opportunistic routing in multi-hop wireless networks. In: Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Communications Architectures and Protocols, Philadelphia, 2005. 69--71. Google Scholar

[17] Yoon S, Jang S, Kim Y, et al. Opportunistic routing for smart grid with power line communication access networks. IEEE Trans Smart Grid, 2014, 5: 301-311 Google Scholar

[18] Zhong Z F, Wang J L, Lu G H, et al. On selection of candidates for opportunistic anypath forwarding. ACM SIGMOBILE Mobile Comput Commun Rev, 2006, 10: 1-2 Google Scholar

[19] Liu X, Wang W, Zheng J, et al. Tangential connection clusting routing algorithm fro l-plc based arm systems. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Power Electronic and Motion Control, Harbin, 2012. 2932--2936. Google Scholar

[20] Jongman H, Kamrok L. Adaptive channel state routing for home network systems using power line communications. IEEE Trans Consum Electron, 2007, 53: 1410-1418 CrossRef Google Scholar

[21] Zhong Z F, Nelakuditi S. On the efficacy of opportunistic routing. In: Proceeding of the 4th Annual IEEE Communications Society Conference on Sensor, Mesh and Ad Hoc Communications and Networks, San Diego, 2007. 441--450. Google Scholar

Copyright 2019 Science China Press Co., Ltd. 《中国科学》杂志社有限责任公司 版权所有

京ICP备18024590号-1