SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences, Volume 61, Issue 1: 012106(2018) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-016-9071-5

## Mission evaluation: expert evaluation system for large-scale combat tasks of the weapon system of systems

• AcceptedMar 16, 2017
• PublishedJul 19, 2017
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### Abstract

Mission evaluation is a new requirement for capability evaluation of the weapon system of systems (WSOS) in the era of big data, and is based on evaluating large-scale tasks with similar attributes. The use of traditional methods by military experts to evaluate large scale tasks incurs significant time cost and results in low accuracy, and is caused by a variety of factors that cause confusion. Therefore, we developed a system to assist military personnel in improving the efficiency of mission evaluation; the main innovations of our work include the qualitative and quantitative visualization of complex information is realized in a three-pane interface. We also realize the iterative and interactive evaluation modes of large-scale tasks by using the active learning method; moreover, the overall display of large-scale task evaluation results is realized using statistical graphics. In practical application, the system not only improves the users’ efficiency and accuracy scores, but also helps to achieve the recognition evaluation for the overall scoring results.

### Acknowledgment

This work was supported by Major Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. U1435218) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61403401).

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• Figure 1

From task evaluation to mission evaluation. (a) Traditional patterns of task evaluation; (b) mission evaluation based on large scale tasks; (c) mission packages including multiple missions; (d) visual interaction and iteration.

• Figure 2

Work flow chart of the system.

• Figure 3

Structure graph of three-view method.

• Figure 4

Three-pane interactive interface. (a) Similarity space visualization based on task attribute clustering; (b) visualization of battlefield environment based on task information; (c) visualization of the whole operation effect based on OODA interaction network.

• Figure 5

OODA interactive network.

• Figure 6

Presentation interface of task set evaluation results.

• Figure 7

Early warning task experiment for large scale air targets. (a) Overall concept map; (b) military personnel scoring interface.

• Figure 8

Comparative analysis of different visualization methods. (a) Expert group acceptance of each group evaluation result; (b) time consumption of each group evaluation result.

• Figure 9

Evaluation experiment of 100 tasks data set. (a) Score accuracy of evaluation based on three machine learning methods; (b) success or failure accuracy of evaluation based on three machine learning methods.

• Figure 10

Overall feature analysis. (a) The spatial scatter plot of the 100 tasks evaluation results; (b) the spatial scatter plot of the 300 tasks evaluation results; (c) the spatial scatter plot of the 700 tasks evaluation results; (d) the histogram and density line of the 100 tasks evaluation results; (e) the histogram and density line of the 300 tasks evaluation results; (f) the histogram and density line of the 700 tasks evaluation results.

• Figure 11

Analysis of different target heights. (a) The spatial scatter plots of the evaluation results of the three data sets; (b) the box line diagram and bar chart of the evaluation results of the three data sets.

• Figure 12

Analysis of different target types. (a) The spatial scatter plots of the evaluation results of the three data sets; (b) the box line diagram and bar chart of the evaluation results of the three data sets.

• Figure 13

Analysis of the task types. (a) The spatial scatter plots of the evaluation results of the three data sets; (b) the box line diagram and bar chart of the evaluation results of the three data sets.

• Figure 14

Comparative recognition of different machine learning methods to the 300 tasks data set. (a) The score recognition of evaluation based on three machine learning methods; (b) the success or failure recognition of evaluation based on three machine learning methods.

• Figure 15

Comparative recognition of different machine learning methods to the 700 tasks data set. (a) The score recognition of evaluation based on three machine learning methods; (b) the success or failure recognition of evaluation based on three machine learning methods.

• Figure 16

Large-scale and long-range striking tasks experiment. (a) The overall concept map; (b) 100 striking tasks samples; (c) 400 striking tasks samples.

• Figure 17

Comparative recognition of different machine learning methods for long-range striking tasks. (a) The score recognition of 100 evaluation tasks based on three machine learning methods; (b) success or failure recognition of 400 evaluation tasks based on three machine learning methods.

• Figure 18

Evaluation results charts of the long-range striking mission based on three-view active query mode. protectłinebreak (a) Evaluation results chart of 100 tasks; (b) evaluation results chart of 400 tasks.

• Table 1   12 statistical indicators of evaluation results of three data sets
 $N$ Mean Var Std_dev Median Std_err CV CSS USS R R1 Kurtosis Skewness 97 4.1 6.5 2.5 4 0.26 61.9 622 2263 10 4 $-$0.79 0.04 293 4.3 6.6 2.6 4 0.15 60.1 1919 7252 10 4 $-$0.80 0.17 681 4.3 6.8 2.6 4 0.10 61.0 4630 17073 10 4 $-$0.83 0.10
• Table 2   The comprehensive experimental evaluation results of 20% manual scoring
 Score recognition
 Score recognition
 Score recognition
 Score recognition
 Score recognition
 Score recognition
 Random selection (RS)
60 59 65 60 65 61
 three-view (%) Assisted selection (TVAS)
70 64 74 70 75 71
 three-view (%) Active query (TVAQ) (%)
76 78 86 89 90 92

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