1. Beijing Key Laboratory of Embedded Real-time Information Processing Technology,School of Information and Electronics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
2. Beijing Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering, Chinese Academy of Space Technology, Beijing 100081, China
Corresponding author (email@example.com
The beam velocity of geosynchronous synthetic aperture radar (GEO SAR) varies seriously with the orbital position and the scene position, which leads to a significant variation of the scene length and the azimuth resolution in the stripmap (SM) mode. To obtain uniform scene length and azimuth resolution, beam scan modes can be utilized in GEO SAR, such as the sliding spotlight (SLL) mode and the terrain observation by progressive scans (TOPS) mode. However, the conventional design method of the beam scan mode is based on the straight line model (SLM), which does not consider the effects of the curved satellite track and the spherical earth surface. To solve this problem, a curvature circle model (CCM) is proposed considering the actual satellite-earth relationship. By using the CCM, the beam velocity after the beam scan is derived. The scene length and the azimuth resolution are analyzed. The SLL mode and the TOPS mode are recommended for GEO SAR. After that, a design method of the beam scan mode is proposed based on the CMM. The performance of the proposed method is verified by computer simulations.
This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61370017, 61625103, 61427802 ).
(Color online) Curved satellite track and spherical earth surface in GEO SAR.
(Color online) Parameter of SM mode. (a) Scene length for 1 h; (b) azimuth resolution.
(Color online) Straight line model.
(Color online) Curvature circle model for beam scan mode. (a) 3-D model; (b) the $X$-$Z$ plane; (c) the slant range plane.
(Color online) Beam velocity.
(Color online) Detailed beam scan modes with a negative BSC.
(Color online) Design results. (a) BSC and SC; (b) work mode; (c) scan angular speed; (d) work time and integration time.
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