SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences, Volume 61, Issue 4: 042304(2018) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-017-9160-y

Opportunistic access control for enhancing security in D2D-enabled cellular networks

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  • ReceivedMar 28, 2017
  • AcceptedJun 26, 2017
  • PublishedOct 11, 2017


In this paper, we investigate secure communication over cellular uplinks in device-to-device (D2D)-enabled cellular networks. We consider a more general scenario, in which multiple D2D pairs could simultaneously share the same resource block with a specific cellular user. First, an opportunistic access control scheme based on wireless channel gains is proposed, by which the candidate selected set of D2D pairs sharing the same resource block is determined. The proposed scheme could guarantee reliable communications for both cellular users and D2D pairs, and further could combat eavesdroppers while keeping the legitimate cellular user as non-intrusive as possible, regarding D2D pairs as friendly jammers in a non-collaborative way. Then, we derive theoretical results to characterize the security and reliability of the typical cellular and D2D links, respectively. To further support the performance of this hybrid network, we next present an interference threshold optimization model. Our aim is to minimize the connection outage probability (COP) of D2D pairs subject to the secrecy requirement of the cellular user. Finally, simulation results are presented to validate the effectiveness of our proposed scheme.


This work was supported in part by National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (863) (Grant No. SS2015AA011306), Open Research Fund of National Mobile Communications Research Laboratory, Southeast University (Grant No. 2013D09) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61379006, 61521003, 61401510).


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  • Figure 1

    (Color online) System model.

  • Figure 2

    (Color online) Opportunistic access control scheme based on wireless channel gains.

  • Figure 3

    (Color online) CU SOP of the opportunistic access control scheme versus ${\beta~_e}$.

  • Figure 4

    (Color online) D2D COP of the opportunistic access control scheme versus ${\beta~_d}$.

  • Figure 5

    (Color online) Performance versus different interference thresholds. (a) CU SOP; (b) D2D COP.

  • Figure 8

    (Color online) D2D COP versus ${\beta~_d}$ under different threshold $\epsilon$.


    Algorithm 1 Search algorithm for obtaining optimal values $\delta~_1^*$, $\delta~_2^*$

    Input: $\kappa$, $\lambda_c$, $\lambda_d$, $\lambda_e$, $P_C$, $P_D$, $\beta_e$, $\beta_d$, $\delta^{\rm~up}_1$, $\delta^{\rm~up}_2$, $\epsilon$, $\Delta~{\delta~_1}$, $\Delta~{\delta~_2}$;

    Output: $\delta~_1^*$, $\delta~_2^*$;

    Initialization: $M{\rm{~=~}}\frac{{\delta~_1^{\rm~up}}}{{\Delta~{\delta~_1}}}$, $~N{\rm{~=~}}\frac{{\delta~_2^{\rm~up}}}{{\Delta~{\delta~_2}}}$, and set $P_d^{\rm~temp}~=1$;

    for $~m=1:M~$

    for $~n=1:N~$

    Calculate $P_c^{\rm~sop}(~{m,n}~)$ in (11);

    if $P_c^{\rm~sop}(~{m,n}~)~\le~\varepsilon$ then

    Update the set $(~{{{\tilde\delta~}_1},{{\tilde\delta~}_2}})$ by putting $\Delta~{\delta~_1}*m$, $\Delta~{\delta~_2}*n$ into the set $(~{{{\tilde\delta~}_1},{{\tilde\delta~}_2}})$;

    end if

    end for

    end for

    Set $L$ as the number of entries in the determined set ${{\tilde\delta~}_1}$ and ${{\tilde\delta~}_2}$. That is, $L=~{\rm~Card}(~{{\tilde\delta~}_1})={\rm~Card}(~{{\tilde\delta~}_2}~)$.

    for $~l=1:L~$

    Calculate $P_d^{\rm~cop}$ by substituting the entries $\delta~_{1l}$, $\delta~_{2l}$ into (15) that lie in the determined set $(~{{{\tilde\delta~}_1},{{\tilde\delta~}_2}})$;

    if $P_d^{\rm~cop}~<~P_d^{\rm~temp}$ then


    Update $\delta~_1^*$, $\delta~_2^*$ by $\delta~_1^*=\delta~_{1l}$, $\delta~_2^*=\delta~_{2l}$;

    end if

    end for

    Return $\delta~_1^*$, $\delta~_2^*$; (The optimal values are obtained.)

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