SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences, Volume 63 , Issue 6 : 169301(2020) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-019-9921-7

Multi-variant network address hopping to defend stealthy crossfire attack$^\dagger$

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  • ReceivedJan 3, 2019
  • AcceptedJun 18, 2019
  • PublishedMar 12, 2020


There is no abstract available for this article.


This work was supported by National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant Nos. 2016YFB0800102, 2017YFB0803205), Key Research and Development Program of Zhejiang Province (Grant Nos. 2017C01064, 2017C01055, 2018C01088), and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 2016XZZX001-04).


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  • Figure 1

    (Color online) Defense effectiveness evaluation of MVNAH. (a), (b) and (c) are the TCP packet receiving rate and congestion window (CWnd) size changes at the target side, tested in NS-3 with $|Y|=2000$, where the variants and suppressing policies are enforced at 15 s in (a) and between 10–20 s in (c), respectively; (d), (e) and (f) are tested in Mininet with $|Y|=50$. (a) rate changes for variants; (b) decreased rate changes for reroute; (c) rate changes for suppressing; bandiwdth & CWnd changes for (d) variants, (e) reroute, and (f) suppressing.


    Algorithm 1 genVariants


    $Q~=~\mathrm{PriorityQueue}()$, $N~=~Y~\cup~H$, ${\rm~torch}~=~\mathrm{int}[|N|]$;


    for $w^{c,d}_i~\in~W^{c,d}$



    ${\rm~torch}[1\cdots]=-1$, ${\rm~visited}[1\cdots]=\mathrm{false}$;

    while $|Q|>0$ do


    for $l_j~\in~\mathrm{edges}(u)$


    if $l_j~\notin~\tilde{L}~\vee~{\rm~visited}[v]$ then continue;

    if $l_j~\in~\Theta$ then




    end if


    $Q.\mathrm{add}(v)$, ${\rm~visited}[v]~=~\mathrm{true}$;

    end for

    end while


    end for

    return $\Upsilon.V~=~\cup_{w^{c,d}_i~\in~\widetilde{W^{c,d}}}V_{w^{c,d}_j}$.


    Algorithm 2 genTrafficSteerings


    if $\Lambda~=~\emptyset$ then return $\emptyset$

    $\Upsilon.R~=~\emptyset,~\Upsilon.S~=~\emptyset$, $N~=~Y~\cup~H$;

    for $w_i~\in~W^{c,d}$


    for $w_j~\in~W$

    if $P'(w_i,~w_j)~=~\emptyset$ then $\Upsilon.S~=~\Upsilon.S~\cup~\{(w_i,~w_j)\}$;

    end for



    end for

    return $(\Upsilon.R,~\Upsilon.S)$.

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