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SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy, Volume 61 , Issue 7 : 074601(2018) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11433-018-9204-6

Micro- and nano-mechanics in China: A brief review of recent progress and perspectives

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  • ReceivedFeb 14, 2018
  • AcceptedMar 19, 2018
  • PublishedApr 19, 2018
PACS numbers

Abstract

The past three decades have witnessed the explosion of nanoscience and technology, where notable research efforts have been made in synthesizing nanomaterials and controlling nanostructures of bulk materials. The uncovered mechanical behaviors of structures and materials with reduced sizes and dimensions pose open questions to the community of mechanicians, which expand the framework of continuum mechanics by advancing the theory, as well as modeling and experimental tools. Researchers in China have been actively involved into this exciting area, making remarkable contributions to the understanding of nanoscale mechanical processes, the development of multi-scale, multi-field modeling and experimental techniques to resolve the processing-microstructures-properties relationship of materials, and the interdisciplinary studies that broaden the subjects of mechanics. This article reviews selected progress made by this community, with the aim to clarify the key concepts, methods and applications of micro- and nano-mechanics, and to outline the perspectives in this fast-evolving field.


Funded by

the National Natural Science Foundation of China(Grant,No.)


Acknowledgment

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11472150). All researchers working in micro- and nano-mechanics are acknowledged, and we are regretful for not being able to summarize all the progress in this short review.


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  • Figure 1

    (Color online) Representative low-dimensional carbon nanostructures, their interfaces and macroscopic assemblies in forms of fibers, films and nano-composites.

  • Figure 2

    (Color online) Defects in 2D crystals. (a) Dislocations and grain boundaries in a hexagonal lattice. (b) Warping of 2D crystals with a single positive (top) and negative (bottom) disclinations. (c) Out-of-plane distortion of 2D crystals with typical defects. The color depicts the bonding energy of atoms. (d) Polycrystalline texture of graphene films. The arrangement of dislocations in the grain boundaries, i.e., the pentagon-heptagon pairs, are shown in the inset [36].

  • Figure 3

    (Color online) Multiscale representations for the mechanical performance of metals (top) and nanostructured macroscopic assemblies in forms of fibers and films (bottom).

  • Figure 4

    (Color online) Examples of multiscale problems where micro- and nano-mechanics are concerned-fracture, friction, wetting and behaviors of bio-interfaces.

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