SCIENCE CHINA Materials, Volume 61, Issue 10: 1285-1290(2018) https://doi.org/10.1007/s40843-018-9259-4

High-capacity organic electrode material calix[4]quinone/CMK-3 nanocomposite for lithium batteries

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  • ReceivedFeb 1, 2018
  • AcceptedMar 21, 2018
  • PublishedApr 20, 2018


Organic lithium-ion batteries (OLIBs) represent a new generation of power storage approach for their environmental benignity and high theoretical specific capacities. However, it has the disadvantage with regard to the dissolution of active materials in organic electrolyte. In this study, we encapsulated high capacity material calix[4]quinone (C4Q) in the nanochannels of ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC) CMK-3 with various mass ratios ranging from 1:3 to 3:1, and then systematically investigated their morphology and electrochemical properties. The nanocomposites characterizations confirmed that C4Q is almost entirely capsulated in the nanosized pores of the CMK-3 while the mass ratio is less than 2:1. As cathodes in lithium-ion batteries, the C4Q/CMK-3 (1:2) nanocomposite exhibits optimal initial discharge capacity of 427 mA h g−1 with 58.7% cycling retention after 100 cycles. Meanwhile, the rate performance is also optimized with a capacity of 170.4 mA h g−1 at 1 C. This method paves a new way to apply organic cathodes for lithium-ion batteries.

Funded by

the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21403187)

the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province of China(B2015203124)

the Key Laboratory of Advanced Energy Materials Chemistry(Ministry,of,Education)

Naikai University.


This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21403187), the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province of China (B2015203124) and the Key Laboratory of Advanced Energy Materials Chemistry (Ministry of Education), Nankai University.

Interest statement

These authors declare no conflict of interest.

Contributions statement

Zheng S wrote the paper. Hu J and Yan B prepared the calix[4]quinone (C4Q). Zheng S, Hu J collected the data and analyzed the results. Sun H provided the glovebox for cell assembling and TEM, FTIR, NMR tests. Huang W supervised the project, conceived the experiments, analyzed the results and wrote the paper. All authors contributed to the general discussion.

Author information

Shibing Zheng obtained his BSc degree at Hebei University of Engineering in China in 2015. He is currently a master candidate in Prof. Weiwei Huang’s group at Yanshan University. His research focuses on the synthesis and fabrication of polymer electrode materials for Li/Na battery.

Weiwei Huang obtained her BSc degree at Hebei Normal University of Science & Technology in China in 2005, MSc degree in inorganic chemistry at Hebei Normal University in 2008, and completed her PhD in physical chemistry at Nankai University in 2011. Then, she joined Prof. Chen Jun’s group at Nankai University as a postdoctoral fellow. Since 2013, she joined the School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering at Yanshan University (Qinhuangdao) as an associate professor. Her research is focused on the organic electrode materials for Li/Na battery.


Supplementary information

Supporting data are available in the online version of the paper.


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