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Novel MOF shell-derived surface modification of Li-rich layered oxide cathode for enhanced lithium storage

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  • ReceivedSep 12, 2017
  • AcceptedDec 11, 2017
  • PublishedDec 13, 2017

Abstract

Li-rich layered oxide materials have attracted increasing attention because of their high specific capacity (>250 mAh g-1). However, these materials typically suffer from poor cycling stability and low rate performance. Herein, we propose a facile and novel metal-organic-framework (MOF) shell-derived surface modification strategy to construct NiCo nanodots decorated (~5 nm in diameter) carbon-confined Li1.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13O2 nanoparticles (LLO@C&NiCo). The MOF shell is firstly formed on the surface of as-prepared Li1.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13O2nanoparticles via low-pressure vapor superassembly and then is in situ converted to the NiCo nanodots decorated carbon shell after subsequent controlled pyrolysis. The obtained LLO@C&NiCo cathode exhibits enhanced cycling and rate capability with a capacity retention of 95% after 100 cycles at 0.4 C and a high capacity of 159 mAh g-1 at 5 C, respectively, compared with those of LLO (75% and 105 mAh g-1). The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and selected area electron diffraction analyses after cycling demonstrate that the thin C&NiCo shell can endow LLO with high electronic conductivity and structural stability, indicating the undesired formation of the spinel phase initiated from the particle surface is efficiently suppressed. Therefore, this presented strategy may open a new avenue on the design of high-performance electrode materials for energy storage.


Funded by

National Key Research and Development Program of China(2016YFA0202603)

National Basic Research Program of China(2013CB934103)

Programme of Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities(B17034)

National Natural Science Foundation of China(51521001)

National Natural Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars(51425204)

Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(WUT: 2016III001)

Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(2016-YB-004)

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