1. Chemical Synthesis and Pollution Control Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Institute of Applied Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, China West Normal University, Nanchong 637000, China;
2. Chongqing Institute of Green and Intelligent Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chongqing 400714, China;
3. Department of Laboratory Medicine, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing 400038, China
Corresponding author (emails:
Metal-organic framework (MOF) is a class of inorganic-organic hybrid material assembled periodically with metal ions and organic ligands. MOFs have always been the focuses in a variety of frontier fields owing to the advantageous properties, such as large BET surface areas, tunable porosity and easy-functionalized surface structure. Among the various application areas, catalysis is one of the earliest application fields of MOFs-based materials and is one of the fastest-growing topics. In this review, the main roles of MOFs in heterogeneous organocatalysis have been systematically summarized, including used as support materials (or hosts), independent catalysts, and sacrificial templates. Moreover, the application prospects of MOFs in photocatalysis and electrocatalysis frontiers were also mentioned. Finally, the key issues that should be conquered in future were briefly sketched in the final parts of each item. We hope our perspectives could be beneficial for the readers to better understand these topics and issues, and could also provide a direction for the future exploration of some novel types of MOFs-based nanocatalysts with stable structures and functions for heterogeneous catalysis.
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