Atomic pair distribution function research on Li2MnO3 electrode structure evolution

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  • ReceivedFeb 18, 2019
  • AcceptedMar 11, 2019
  • PublishedMar 22, 2019


The mechanism research of structure-related reactions on Li2MnO3 is important to enhance the electrochemical performance of lithium-manganese-rich layered oxides. Although there are some reports on the structure evolution of Li2MnO3 during cycling process, the employed research techniques are very limited, mainly in/ex-situ X-ray diffraction, X-ray absorption and transmission electron microscopy. Here, atomic pair distribution function, a method to study the local atomic arrangement on the basis of average spectroscopic information, is used for the first time to study the local structure evolution of Li2MnO3 during electrochemical charge/discharge cycles. The results clearly demonstrate that Mn3+/Mn4+ redox couple is activated and Mn ions are reduced during discharging process. Some Mn ions in Mn layers can significantly migrate to Li layers and occupy the octahedral sites. As a result, a portion of inserted Li ions can occupy the face-shared tetrahedron sites, accompanied by the formation of local spinel-like structure. This work provides an important and suitable method based on the average spectroscopic information to investigate the local structure of electrode materials of lithium-ion batteries as well as other advanced battery systems.

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