SCIENTIA SINICA Chimica, Volume 45, Issue 6: 614-623(2015) https://doi.org/10.1360/N032014-00289

Synthesis of three-dimensional ordered porous carbon materials using colloidal crystal template method and its application in electrochemistry

More info
  • AcceptedNov 18, 2014
  • PublishedJun 2, 2015


The preparation of three-dimensional ordered porous carbon materials (3DOPC) using colloidal crystal template (CCT) method is simple, economical and reproducible. Colloidal crystals play a supporting role in skeleton and can flexibly regulate the structure of the materials by modifying the structure of CCT which is a highly controllable hard-template. The 3DOPC has a large specific surface area, high porosity, and low bending spherical pores, which makes it widely applied in the field of adsorption, catalysis, energy reserves and other areas. This article reviews the recent synthesis of 3DOPC materials by CCT method and its application in electrochemistry, focusing on the different colloidal crystal template methods to prepare 3DOPC, the application in electrochemistry and the prospects of its research.


[1] Chou TC, Doong RA, Hu CC, Zhang B, Su DS. Hierarchically porous carbon with manganese oxides as highly efficient electrode for asymmetric supercapacitors. Chem Sus Chem, 2014, 7: 841-847. Google Scholar

[2] Yun YS, Im C, Park HH, Hwang I, Tak Y, Jin HJ. Hierarchically porous carbon nanofibers containing numerous heteroatoms for supercapacitors. J Power Sources, 2013, 234: 285-291. Google Scholar

[3] Xia W, Qiu B, Xia D, Zou R. Facile preparation of hierarchically porous carbons from metal-organic gels and their application in energy storage. Sci Rep, 2013, 3: 1935. Google Scholar

[4] Chen Z, Weng D, Sohn HS, Cai M, Lu YF. High-performance aqueous supercapacitors based on hierarchically porous graphitized carbon. RSC Adv, 2012, 2: 1755-1758. Google Scholar

[5] Davis ME. Ordered porous materials for emerging applications. Nature, 2002, 417: 813-821. Google Scholar

[6] Gong KP, Du F, Xia ZH, Durstock M, Dai LM. Nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube arrays with high electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction. Science, 2009, 323: 760-764. Google Scholar

[7] Sevilla M, Valle-Vigón P, Fuertes AB. N-doped polypyrrole-based porous carbons for CO2 capture. Adv Funct Mater, 2011, 21: 2781-2787. Google Scholar

[8] Gan L, Du HD, Li BH, Kang FY. Surface-reconstructed graphite nanofibers as a support for cathode catalysts of fuel cells. Chem Commun, 2011, 47: 3900-3902. Google Scholar

[9] Wang N, Xu J, Guan L. Synthesis and enhanced photocatalytic activity of tin oxide nanoparticles coated on multi-walled carbon nanotube. Mater Res Bull, 2011, 46: 1372-1376. Google Scholar

[10] Zhu X, Zhu Y, Murali S, Stoller MD, Ruoff RS. Nanostructured reduced graphene oxide/Fe2O3 composite as a high-performance anode material for lithium ion batteries. ACS Nano, 2011, 5: 3333-3338. Google Scholar

[11] Luo B, Wang B, Li XL, Jia YY, Liang MH, Zhi LJ. Graphene-confined Sn nanosheets with enhanced lithium storage capability. Adv Mater, 2012, 24: 3538-3543. Google Scholar

[12] Wu ZS, Yang S, Sun Y, Parvez K, Feng X, Mullen K. 3D nitrogen-doped graphene aerogel-supported Fe3O4 nanoparticles as efficient electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction. J Am Chem Soc, 2012, 134: 9082-9085. Google Scholar

[13] Li HQ, Luo JY, Zhou XF, Yu CZ, Xia YY. An ordered mesoporous carbon with short pore length and its electrochemical performances in supercapacitor applications. J Electrochem Soc, 2007, 154: A731-A736. Google Scholar

[14] Cheon JY, Kim T, Choi Y, Jeong HY, Kim MG, Sa YJ, Kim J, Lee Z, Yang TH, Kwon K, Terasaki O, Park GG, Adzic RR, Joo SH. Ordered mesoporous porphyrinic carbons with very high electrocatalytic activity for the oxygen reduction reaction. Sci Rep, 2013, 3: 2715. Google Scholar

[15] Wang AL, Xu H, Feng JX, Ding LX, Tong YX, Li GR. Design of Pd/PANI/Pd sandwich-structured nanotube array catalysts with special shape effects and synergistic effects for ethanol electrooxidation. J Am Chem Soc, 2013, 135: 10703-10709. Google Scholar

[16] Huang X, Chen J, Lu Z, Yu H, Yan Q, Hng HH. Carbon inverse opal entrapped with electrode active nanoparticles as high-performance anode for lithium-ion batteries. Sci Rep, 2013, 3: 2317. Google Scholar

[17] 黄正宏, 王磊, 白宇, 康飞宇. 自组装软模板法制备有序中孔炭研究进展. 新型炭材料, 2012, 27: 321-336. Google Scholar

[18] 李红芳, 席红安, 王若钉. 模板法制备多孔碳材料的研究. 材料导报, 2005, 19: 91-94. Google Scholar

[19] Xia YD, Yang ZX, Molaya R. Templated nanoscale porous carbons. Nanoscale, 2010, 2: 639-659. Google Scholar

[20] Yoon SB, Kim JY, Yu JS. Synthesis of highly ordered nanoporous carbon molecular sieves from silylated MCM-48 using divinylbenzene as precursor. Chem Commun, 2001: 559-560. Google Scholar

[21] Wang T, Liu XY, Zhao DY, Jiang ZY. The unusual electrochemical characteristics of a novel three-dimensional ordered bicontinuous mesoporous carbon. Chem Phys Lett, 2004, 389: 327-331. Google Scholar

[22] Liu RL, Wu DQ, Feng XL, Mullen K. Nitrogen-doped ordered mesoporous graphitic arrays with high electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction. Angew Chem, 2010, 49: 2565-2569. Google Scholar

[23] Kruk M, Dufour B, Celer EB, Kowalewski T, Jaroniec M, Matyjaszewski K. Synthesis of mesoporous carbons using ordered and disordered mesoporous silica templates and polyacrylonitrile as carbon precursor. J Phys Chem B, 2005, 109: 9216-9225. Google Scholar

[24] Xu J, Shen K, Xue B, Li YX. Microporous carbon nitride as an effective solid base catalyst for Knoevenagel condensation reactions. J Mol Catal A-Chem, 2013, 372: 105-113. Google Scholar

[25] Hong ZQ, Li JX, Zhang F, Zhou LH. Synthesis of magnetically graphitic mesoporous carbon from hard templates and its application in the adsorption treatment of traditional Chinese medicine wastewater. Acta Phys-Chim Sin, 2013, 29: 590-596. Google Scholar

[26] Xia YD, Zhu YQ, Tang Y. Preparation of sulfur-doped microporous carbons for the storage of hydrogen and carbon dioxide. Carbon, 2012, 50: 5543-5553. Google Scholar

[27] 杨俊林, 高飞雪, 田中群. 物理化学学科前沿与展望. 北京: 科学出版社, 2011. Google Scholar

[28] Stein A, Li F, Denny NR. Morphological control in colloidal crystal templating of inverse opals, hierarchical structures, and shaped particles. Chem Mater, 2007, 20: 649-666. Google Scholar

[29] Zakhidov AA, Baughman RH, Iqbal Z, Cui CX, Khayrullin I, Dantas SO, Marti J, Ralchenko VG. Carbon structures with three-dimensional periodicity at optical wavelengths. Science, 1998, 282: 897-901. Google Scholar

[30] Chai GS, Yoon SB, Yu JS, Choi JH, Sung YE. Ordered porous carbons with tunable pore sizes as catalyst supports in direct methanol fuel cell. J Phys Chem B, 2004, 108: 7074-7079. Google Scholar

[31] Gierszal KP, Jaroniec M. Carbons with extremely large volume of uniform mesopores synthesized by carbonization of phenolic resin film formed on colloidal silica template. J Am Chem Soc, 2006, 128: 10026-10027. Google Scholar

[32] Gierszal KP, Yoon SB, Yu JS, Jaroniec M. Adsorption and structural properties of mesoporous carbons obtained from mesophase pitch and phenol-formaldehyde carbon precursors using porous templates prepared from colloidal silica. J Mater Chem, 2006, 16: 2819-2823. Google Scholar

[33] 马光辉, 苏志国. 高分子微球材料. 北京: 化学工业出版社, 2005. Google Scholar

[34] Wang Z, Li F, Ergang NS, Stein A. Effects of hierarchical architecture on electronic and mechanical properties of nanocast monolithic porous carbons and carbon-carbon nanocomposites. Chem Mater, 2006, 18: 5543-5553. Google Scholar

[35] Baumann TF, Satcher JH. Homogeneous incorporation of metal nanoparticles into ordered macroporous carbons. Chem Mater, 2003, 15: 3745-3747. Google Scholar

[36] Baumann TF, Satcher JH. Template-directed synthesis of periodic macroporous organic and carbon aerogels. J Non-Cryst Solids, 2004, 350: 120-125. Google Scholar

[37] Li HL, Chang LX, Wang JX, Yang LM, Song YL. A colorful oil-sensitive carbon inverse opal. J Mater Chem, 2008, 18: 5098-5103. Google Scholar

[38] Chai GS, Shin IS, Yu JS. Synthesis of ordered, uniform, macroporous carbons with mesoporous walls templated by aggregates of polystyrene spheres and silica particles for use as catalyst supports in direct methanol fuel cells. Adv Mater, 2004, 16: 2057-2061. Google Scholar

[39] Zhang SL, Chen L, Zhou SX, Zhao DY, Wu LM. Facile synthesis of hierarchically ordered porous carbon via in situ self-assembly of colloidal polymer and silica spheres and its use as a catalyst support. Chem Mater, 2010, 22: 3433-3440. Google Scholar

[40] Woo SW, Dokko K, Kanamura K. Composite electrode composed of bimodal porous carbon and polypyrrole for electrochemical capacitors. J Power Sources, 2008, 185: 1589-1593. Google Scholar

[41] Woo SW, Dokko K, Nakano H, Kanamura K. Incorporation of polyaniline into macropores of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous carbon electrode for electrochemical capacitors. J Power Sources, 2009, 190: 596-600. Google Scholar

[42] Petkovich ND, Stein A. Controlling macro- and mesostructures with hierarchical porosity through combined hard and soft templating. Chem Soc Rev, 2013, 42: 3721-3739. Google Scholar

[43] Deng YH, Liu C, Yu T, Liu F, Zhang FQ, Wan Y, Zhang LJ, Wang CC, Tu B, Webley PA, Wang HT, Zhao GY. Facile synthesis of hierarchically porous carbons from dual colloidal crystal/block copolymer template approach. Chem Mater, 2007, 19: 3271-3277. Google Scholar

[44] Li NW, Zheng MB, Feng SQ, Lu HL, Zhao B, Zheng JF, Zhang ST, Ji GB, Cao JM. Fabrication of hierarchical macroporous/mesoporous carbons via the dual-template method and the restriction effect of hard template on shrinkage of mesoporous polymers. J Phys Chem C, 2013, 117: 8784-8792. Google Scholar

[45] Kim Y, Cho CY, Kang JH, Cho YS, Moon JH. Synthesis of porous carbon balls from spherical colloidal crystal templates. Langmuir, 2012, 28: 10543-10550. Google Scholar

[46] Liang J, Zheng Y, Chen J, Liu J, Hulicova-Jurcakova D, Jaroniec M, Qiao SZ. Facile oxygen reduction on a three-dimensionally ordered macroporous graphitic C3N4/carbon composite electrocatalyst. Angew Chem, 2012, 51: 3892-3896. Google Scholar

[47] Liu Z, Mi JH, Yang Y, Tan XL, Lv C. Easy synthesis of phosphorus-incorporated three-dimensionally ordered macroporous carbons with hierarchical pores and their use as electrodes for supercapacitors. Electrochim Acta, 2014, 115: 206-215. Google Scholar

[48] Kang DY, Kim SO, Chae YJ, Lee JK, Moon JH. Particulate inverse opal carbon electrodes for lithium-ion batteries. Langmuir, 2013, 29: 1192-1198. Google Scholar

[49] Chen Y, Zhu YJ, Chen ZG. Three-dimensional ordered macroporous carbon as counter electrodes in dye-sensitized solar cells. Thin Solid Films, 2013, 539: 122-126. Google Scholar

[50] Kang DY, Lee Y, Cho CY, Moon JH. Inverse opal carbons for counter electrode of dye-sensitized solar cells. Langmuir, 2012, 28: 7033-7038. Google Scholar

[51] Lai CZ, Fierke MA, Stein A, Buhlmann P. Ion-selective electrodes with three-dimensionally ordered macroporous carbon as the solid contact. Anal Chem, 2007, 79: 4621-4626. Google Scholar

[52] Lai CZ, Fierke MA, da Costa RC, Gladysz JA, Stein A, Buehlmann P. Highly selective detection of silver in the low ppt range with ion-selective electrodes based on ionophore-doped fluorous membranes. Anal Chem, 2010, 82: 7634-7640. Google Scholar

Copyright 2020 Science China Press Co., Ltd. 《中国科学》杂志社有限责任公司 版权所有