SCIENTIA SINICA Chimica, Volume 47 , Issue 1 : 82-91(2017) https://doi.org/10.1360/N032016-00053

Controlled/living polymerization of multivinyl monomers: toward novel single chain cyclized polymers

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  • ReceivedMar 10, 2016
  • AcceptedApr 15, 2016


Abstract: Polymerization of multivinyl monomers (MVMs) can produce polymers with novel topological structure and different functionalities due to their inherent multiple reactive sites. However, the polymerization of MVMs would inevitably lead to a polymeric cross-linked network (gel) even at extremely low conversion rates (typically under 10%) according to the Flory-Stockmayer mean-field theory (F-S theory). Recently, the development of controlled/living radical polymerization (CRP) paved the way towards kinetically-controlled polymerization of MVMs allowing the synthesis of novel macromolecular architectures. In particular, a novel knotted polymeric structure was obtained. This review summarizes the kinetically-controlled mechanism of CRP as the recent, major development in the field of polymerization of MVMs. The synthesis methods, novel structures and applications of knotted/cyclized polymers are also included. Moreover, the prospects for the application of polymers with novel structures and the future development of CRP of MVMs are proposed.

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