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SCIENTIA SINICA Informationis, Volume 49, Issue 2: 121-142(2019) https://doi.org/10.1360/N112018-00201

Development status of the digitization of intangible cultural heritages

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  • ReceivedJul 30, 2018
  • AcceptedOct 29, 2018
  • PublishedFeb 21, 2019

Abstract

Alongside the rapid development of digital technology in recent years, digitalization has emerged as a main technique for protecting and disseminating intangible cultural heritages. The digitization of intangible cultural heritages encompasses a range of activities throughout the digital technology environment, involving both technological practices (recording, preservation, and display) and related academic research and policy formulation. In detail, this paper reviews the developmental status of heritage digitalization. After defining an intangible cultural heritage and its digitization, it discusses the collection, recording, preservation, protection, display, and dissemination of digitized intangible cultural heritages, the technical methods for digitizing an intangible cultural heritage, and the digital operation (digital museums and databases) of intangible cultural heritages. Finally, this paper discusses existing problems and deficiencies, summarizes the current research needs, and forecasts the developmental trends of this research field based on the latest research directions.


Funded by

国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFB1001402)


Acknowledgment

感谢清华大学美术学院博士生路奇为本文排版做了大量工作. 在此致谢.


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  • Figure 1

    (Color online) (a) Logo of the Memory of the World programme; (b) logo of the United States Library of Congress American Memory

  • Figure 2

    (Color online) Analysis of the digitization process of intangible cultural heritage

  • Figure 3

    (Color online) Analysis of the display methods of the intangible cultural heritage digital museum

  • Figure 4

    Intangible Cultural Heritage Digital Museum design achievements of Interactive Media Institute of Arts & Design Academy, Tsinghua University

  • Figure 5

    Diversified digital display method of Xiangxi Intangible Cultural Heritage Digital Museum.(a) Interactive play of Miao folk songs; (b) show the folk songs and dances on the digital stage

  • Figure 6

    Tujia's hanging foot building construction process display

  • Table 1   The digital way of demonstrating intangible cultural heritage
    Presentation modes Presentation means Characteristics
    Traditional information Graphic design and printing of Low presentation cost and
    presentation pictures and texts, and on-screen technology requirements.
    display of videos and models.
    Mechanically controlled Visualization of the “formless" contents Strong user experience, and high
    presentation of intangible cultural heritage via maintenance cost for software and
    mechanical devices and displays. hardware.
    Interactive touchscreen Integration of information, software, Strong immersive feeling, and
    presentation users and a screen, where users relatively low development cost.
    interact with the screen.
    Sensor-based interactive Interaction between users and sensors, Relatively mature technologies,
    presentation and processing and feedback of and a wide range of applications.
    interactive information by computers.
    Virtual-reality-based Computer-generated highly realistic sensory Strong sense of reality,
    experiential presentation world of three-dimensional vision, high requirements for hardware and
    hearing, touch and smell. sites, and high maintenance cost.

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