SCIENTIA SINICA Informationis, Volume 49, Issue 12: 1640-1658(2019) https://doi.org/10.1360/SSI-2019-0176

Integrated security of cyber-physical vehicle networked systems in the age of 5G

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  • ReceivedAug 21, 2019
  • AcceptedOct 8, 2019
  • PublishedDec 13, 2019


In recent years, a series of serious catastrophic traffic accidents, such as the Chongqing bus crash and Wuxi Road bridge collapse, revealed some serious issues in the mobile vehicle safety and emergency response mechanisms. The advent of 5G communication has undoubtedly created some great opportunities for solving these issues. In order to fulfill the requirements of serious traffic accident prevention and forensic analysis, this paper proposes an event-based mobile vehicle cyber-physical security governance framework based on 5G communication technology. The proposed framework aims to resolve the issues of mobile vehicle security, including the availability of network resources in high-speed motion and the complexity of security objectives within cyber-physical systems. Relying on precise perception of insecure events at the physical, communication, and society layers, this paper constructs an integrated intelligent safety response strategy for physical equipment information security, state vehicle security, environmental vehicle security, and network security by intelligent perception, edge-cloud computing, and other technologies. The proposed framework achieves the goals of real-time event prediction before the event, immediate alarm during the event, and replay for evidence forensics after the event.

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  • Figure 1

    (Color online)Integrated security framework for cyber-physical vehicle networked systems

  • Figure 2

    (Color online)Security event perception metrics for cyber-physical vehicle networked systems

  • Figure 3

    (Color online)Key capabilities comparison between 4G and 5G [91]

  • Figure 4

    Event-based integrated security monitoring & intelligent decision-making scheme

  • Table 1   Key capabilities comparison among vehicular communication technologies
    Data rate Frequency band Range Mobility support Coverage
    3G [90] 2 Mbit/s 700–2600 MHz Up to 10 km High Ubiquitous
    4G [90-92] 1 Gbit/s Licensed band Up to 30 km High (350 km/h) Ubiquitous
    5G [91] 20 Gbit/s Licensed band 300–400 m High (500 km/h) Intermittent
    Drive-thru Internet [92] 150 Mbit/s 2.4 GHz/5 GHz 500 m High (120 km/h) Intermittent
    DSRC [92] 3–27 Mbit/s 5.86–5.92 GHz 300–1000 m High (140 km/h) Intermittent
    TV white space [92] 420 Mbit/s 470–790 MHz 1 km/17–33 km High (114 km/h) Intermittent
    Cellular V2X [90,93-95] 3 Gbit/s 5.9 GHz 1.6 km High (up to 250 km/h) Intermittent
    Wi-Fi [90] 6–54 Mbit/s 2.4 GHz/5.2 GHz Up to 100 m Low Intermittent
    Bluetooth 5 [90,96] 50 Mbit/s 2.4 GHz 240 m N/A N/A
    WiFi direct [90,97] 250 Mbit/s 2.4 GHz/5 GHz 200 m N/A N/A
    LTE direct [90] 13.5 Mbit/s Licensed LTE spectrum 500 m N/A N/A

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