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Changes in nomenclature of animals included in Lists of Wild Animals under Special State Protection in China and impacts on wildlife conservation

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  • ReceivedAug 27, 2019
  • AcceptedNov 16, 2019
  • PublishedJan 7, 2020

Abstract

The Lists of Wild Animals under Special State Protection in China (WASPC) was set by the China Wildlife Protection Law and promulgated by the State Council as the legal basis for the protection and management of China’s endangered animals. WASPC was issued 30 years ago and did not specify its nomenclatural references and how to deal with the changes in animal taxonomies, leaving behind a series of problems that accumulate with the development of zoology, which affects the protection and management objectives in practice. We combed and compared changes in listed species from widely accepted species nomenclatural references between the date of its publication and recent years. We found that the number of species included in WASPC increased from 423 to 492, with the Chinese name for 87 species and the scientific name for 84 species changed, respectively. In addition, 24 species changed their Chinese and scientific names at the same time, and many animals have changed their classifications. These changes have caused problems in the use of WASPC and should be paid special attention to. The revision of WASPC should take these changes into account to avoid similar problems in the future.


Funded by

国家重点研发计划(2017YFC0506506,2016YFC0503303)


Acknowledgment

感谢中国科学院动物研究所汪松研究员、蒋志刚研究员、袁德成研究员、白明研究员、孟智斌副研究员和朱磊博士给予的帮助和建议.


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  • Table 1   Changes in the number of species of taxa in Lists of Wild Animals under Special State Protection in China

    类群Taxa

    物种数Number of Species

    编目文献系统(旧)

    Old Nomenclature System

    编目文献系统(新)

    New Nomenclature System

    哺乳纲 MAMMALIA

    蜂猴(所有种)Nycticebus spp.

    2

    2

    叶猴(所有种)Presbytis spp.

    4

    7

    金丝猴(所有种)Rhinopithecus spp.

    3

    4

    长臂猿(所有种)Hylobates spp.

    4

    8

    水獭(所有种)Lutra spp.

    3

    3

    鳍足目(所有种)PINNIPEDIA*

    5

    0

    其他鲸类(Cetacea)

    29

    36

    麝(所有种) Moschus spp.

    5

    6

    鸟纲 AVES

    鹈鹕(所有种)Pelecanus spp.

    2

    3

    鲣鸟(所有种)Sula spp.

    2

    3

    天鹅(所有种)Cygnus spp.

    3

    3

    其他鹰类Accipitridae

    40

    48

    隼科(所有种)Falconidae

    12

    12

    雪鸡(所有种)Tetraogallus spp.

    2

    3

    虹雉(所有种)Lophophorus spp.

    3

    3

    锦鸡(所有种)Chrysolophus spp.

    2

    2

    鸨(所有种)Otis spp.

    3

    3

    绿鸠(所有种)Treron spp.

    8

    8

    皇鸠(所有种)Ducula spp.

    2

    2

    鹃鸠(所有种)Macropygia spp.

    3

    3

    鹦鹉科(所有种)Psittacidae

    7

    9

    鸦鹃(所有种)Centropus spp.

    2

    2

    鸮形目(所有种)STRIGIFORMES

    27

    32

    犀鸟科(所有种)Bucerotidae

    4

    5

    阔嘴鸟科(所有种)Eurylaimidae

    2

    2

    八色鸫科(所有种)Pittidae

    8

    8

    珊瑚纲 ANTHOZOA

    红珊瑚Corallium spp.

    3

    7

    昆虫纲 INSECTA

    彩臂金龟(所有种)Cheirotonus spp.

    5

    7

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