SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences, Volume 64 , Issue 1 : 119204(2021) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-018-9595-3

Multi-objective energy management for PHEV using Pontryagin's minimum principle and particle swarm optimization online

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  • ReceivedJun 6, 2018
  • AcceptedSep 5, 2018
  • PublishedMar 11, 2020


There is no abstract available for this article.


This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61573304) and Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (Grant No. F2017203210). Vehicle speed and battery degradation data were provided by Dr. Yuji Yasui and Mr. Masakazu Sasaki.


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