SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences, Volume 64 , Issue 2 : 120302(2021) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-020-2911-0

Dynamic relay access for D2D-aided low-latency and high-reliability communications

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  • ReceivedJan 14, 2020
  • AcceptedApr 22, 2020
  • PublishedJan 14, 2021



This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61771410) and National Key RD Program of China (Grant No. 2018YFC0807101).


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  • Figure 1

    (Color online) System overview for the social-aware cellular mobile network.

  • Figure 8

    (Color online) The constraint $\bar~F/\bar~T$, $\bar~G/\bar~T$ of P1, P2versus ${G_{\text{TH}}}$ attached to different ${Y_{\text{TH}}}.$


    Algorithm 1 Relay access algorithm of ( P1): $\forall~r\in~N_{+}.$

    Require:Initialize ${\mathbi~s}[r]$, ${\Gamma}[r]$, $V$ and ${F}_i^{\text{TH}}$, ${G}_i^{\text{TH}}.$


    Compute $F_i[r]$, $T_i[r]$, $\forall~i\in~\{0,~1,2,\ldots,~N\},~$ respectively;

    Update the virtual queue ${\Gamma}[r+1]$ with Eqs. (28) and (29);

    Find the optimal action in ${\cal~A}_{{\mathbi~s}[r]}$ for the optimization problem in Eq. (33).


    Algorithm 2 Relay access algorithm for ( P2): $\forall~r\in~N_{+}.$

    Require:Initialize ${\mathbi~s}[r]$, ${\Upsilon}[r]$, $V$ and ${F}_{\text{TH}}$, ${G}_{\text{TH}}.$


    Compute $F[r]$, $p_i[r]$, $\forall~i\in~\{1,2,\ldots,~2N\}~$with Eqs. (18) and (41aa), respectively.

    Update the virtual queue ${\Upsilon}[r+1]$ with Eqs. (28) and (34).

    Find the optimal action in ${\cal~A}_{{\mathbi~s}[r]}$ for the optimization problem in Eq. (40).