logo

SCIENCE CHINA Materials, Volume 63 , Issue 11 : 2206-2214(2020) https://doi.org/10.1007/s40843-019-1263-1

Tungsten bronze Cs0.33WO3 nanorods modified by molybdenum for improved photocatalytic CO2 reduction directly from air

More info
  • ReceivedDec 24, 2019
  • AcceptedJan 31, 2020
  • PublishedApr 2, 2020

Abstract


Funded by

the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21975193,51602237)

and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(195208011)


Acknowledgment

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21975193 and 51602237), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (195208011).


Interest statement

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


Contributions statement

Wu X and Wang J conceived the idea of the work. Yi L performed the preparation of materials and characterizations. Huang Y and Zhao W analyzed the photocatalytic activity. Wu X wrote the manuscript. Zhang G revised the manuscript. All authors participated in the discussion of the manuscript.


Author information

Lian Yi obtained his Bachelor’s degree from East China University of Technology in 2014. Now, he studies as a master candidate at Wuhan University of Technology, and his current research focuses on nanoscale functional materials.


Xiaoyong Wu is an associate professor at Wuhan University of Technology. He obtained his BSc degree from China University of Geosciences in 2008, and PhD degree in environmental science from Tohoku University in 2015. His current research mainly focuses on nanoscale functional materials for environmental purification and energy conversion.


Jinlong Wang obtained his BSc degree from China University of Mining Technology, and PhD degree from Tsinghua University. Now, He works at Wuhan University of Technology. His current research focuses on material synthesis and applications in the field of indoor air cleaning.


Supplement

Supplementary information

Supporting data are available in the online version of the paper.


References

[1] Xiong J, Song P, Di J, et al. Ultrathin structured photocatalysts: A versatile platform for CO2 reduction. Appl Catal B-Environ, 2019, 256: 117788 CrossRef Google Scholar

[2] Wu HL, Li XB, Tung CH, et al. Semiconductor quantum dots: An emerging candidate for CO2 photoreduction. Adv Mater, 2019, 31: 1900709 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[3] Li H, Liu X, Chen S, et al. Edge-exposed molybdenum disulfide with N-doped carbon hybridization: A hierarchical hollow electrocatalyst for carbon dioxide reduction. Adv Energy Mater, 2019, 9: 1900072 CrossRef Google Scholar

[4] Liu J, Shi W, Ni B, et al. Incorporation of clusters within inorganic materials through their addition during nucleation steps. Nat Chem, 2019, 11: 839-845 CrossRef PubMed ADS Google Scholar

[5] Tang Y, Zhou P, Chao Y, et al. Face-to-face engineering of ultrathin Pd nanosheets on amorphous carbon nitride for efficient photocatalytic hydrogen production. Sci China Mater, 2019, 62: 351-358 CrossRef Google Scholar

[6] Zhang N, Long R, Gao C, et al. Recent progress on advanced design for photoelectrochemical reduction of CO2 to fuels. Sci China Mater, 2018, 61: 771-805 CrossRef Google Scholar

[7] Yang D, Wang G, Wang X. Photo- and thermo-coupled electrocatalysis in carbon dioxide and methane conversion. Sci China Mater, 2019, 62: 1369-1373 CrossRef Google Scholar

[8] Han C, Li J, Ma Z, et al. Black phosphorus quantum dot/g-C3N4 composites for enhanced CO2 photoreduction to CO. Sci China Mater, 2018, 61: 1159-1166 CrossRef Google Scholar

[9] Bie C, Zhu B, Xu F, et al. In situ grown monolayer N-doped graphene on CdS hollow spheres with seamless contact for photocatalytic CO2 reduction. Adv Mater, 2019, 31: 1902868 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[10] Low J, Dai B, Tong T, et al. In situ irradiated X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy investigation on a direct Z-scheme TiO2/CdS composite film photocatalyst. Adv Mater, 2019, 31: 1802981 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[11] Li X, Yu J, Jaroniec M, et al. Cocatalysts for selective photoreduction of CO2 into solar fuels. Chem Rev, 2019, 119: 3962-4179 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[12] Xia P, Antonietti M, Zhu B, et al. Designing defective crystalline carbon nitride to enable selective CO2 photoreduction in the gas phase. Adv Funct Mater, 2019, 29: 1900093 CrossRef Google Scholar

[13] Jiang Z, Sun W, Miao W, et al. Living atomically dispersed Cu ultrathin TiO2 nanosheet CO2 reduction photocatalyst. Adv Sci, 2019, 6: 1900289 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[14] Li J, Yan P, Li K, et al. Cu supported on polymeric carbon nitride for selective CO2 reduction into CH4: A combined kinetics and thermodynamics investigation. J Mater Chem A, 2019, 7: 17014-17021 CrossRef Google Scholar

[15] Li YY, Wei ZH, Fan JB, et al. Photocatalytic CO2 reduction activity of Z-scheme CdS/CdWO4 catalysts constructed by surface charge directed selective deposition of CdS. Appl Surf Sci, 2019, 483: 442-452 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[16] Kim JH, Magesh G, Kang HJ, et al. Carbonate-coordinated cobalt co-catalyzed BiVO4/WO3 composite photoanode tailored for CO2 reduction to fuels. Nano Energy, 2015, 15: 153-163 CrossRef Google Scholar

[17] Di T, Xu Q, Ho WK, et al. Review on metal sulphide-based Z-scheme photocatalysts. ChemCatChem, 2019, 11: 1394-1411 CrossRef Google Scholar

[18] Wang L, Wang Y, Cheng Y, et al. Hydrogen-treated mesoporous WO3 as a reducing agent of CO2 to fuels (CH4 and CH3OH) with enhanced photothermal catalytic performance. J Mater Chem A, 2016, 4: 5314-5322 CrossRef Google Scholar

[19] Chen X, Zhou Y, Liu Q, et al. Ultrathin, single-crystal WO3 nanosheets by two-dimensional oriented attachment toward enhanced photocatalystic reduction of CO2 into hydrocarbon fuels under visible light. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2012, 4: 3372-3377 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[20] Jiang L, Wang K, Wu X, et al. Amorphous bimetallic cobalt nickel sulfide cocatalysts for significantly boosting photocatalytic hydrogen evolution performance of graphitic carbon nitride: Efficient interfacial charge transfer. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2019, 11: 26898-26908 CrossRef Google Scholar

[21] Li Y, Li J, Zhang G, et al. Selective photocatalytic oxidation of low concentration methane over graphitic carbon nitride-decorated tungsten bronze cesium. ACS Sustain Chem Eng, 2019, 7: 4382-4389 CrossRef Google Scholar

[22] Wang PQ, Bai Y, Luo PY, et al. Graphene-WO3 nanobelt composite: Elevated conduction band toward photocatalytic reduction of CO2 into hydrocarbon fuels. Catal Commun, 2013, 38: 82-85 CrossRef Google Scholar

[23] Jin J, Yu J, Guo D, et al. A hierarchical Z-scheme CdS-WO3 photocatalyst with enhanced CO2 reduction activity. Small, 2015, 11: 5262-5271 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[24] Shi W, Guo X, Cui C, et al. Controllable synthesis of Cu2O decorated WO3 nanosheets with dominant (001) facets for photocatalytic CO2 reduction under visible-light irradiation. Appl Catal B-Environ, 2019, 243: 236-242 CrossRef Google Scholar

[25] Sun S, Watanabe M, Wu J, et al. Ultrathin WO3·0.33H2O nanotubes for CO2 photoreduction to acetate with high selectivity. J Am Chem Soc, 2018, 140: 6474-6482 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[26] Li YF, Soheilnia N, Greiner M, et al. Pd@HyWO3–x nanowires efficiently catalyze the CO2 heterogeneous reduction reaction with a pronounced light effect. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2019, 11: 5610-5615 CrossRef Google Scholar

[27] Xi G, Ouyang S, Li P, et al. Ultrathin W18O49 nanowires with diameters below 1 nm: Synthesis, near-infrared absorption, photoluminescence, and photochemical reduction of carbon dioxide. Angew Chem, 2012, 124: 2445-2449 CrossRef Google Scholar

[28] Wang H, Zhang L, Wang K, et al. Enhanced photocatalytic CO2 reduction to methane over WO3·0.33H2O via Mo doping. Appl Catal B-Environ, 2019, 243: 771-779 CrossRef Google Scholar

[29] Wang L, Ha MN, Liu Z, et al. Mesoporous WO3 modified by Mo for enhancing reduction of CO2 to solar fuels under visible light and thermal conditions. Integr Ferroelect, 2016, 172: 97-108 CrossRef Google Scholar

[30] Zhang N, Jalil A, Wu D, et al. Refining defect states in W18O49 by Mo doping: A strategy for tuning N2 activation towards solar-driven nitrogen fixation. J Am Chem Soc, 2018, 140: 9434-9443 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[31] Wu X, Li Y, Zhang G, et al. Photocatalytic CO2 conversion of M0.33WO3 directly from the air with high selectivity: Insight into full spectrum-induced reaction mechanism. J Am Chem Soc, 2019, 141: 5267-5274 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[32] Li Y, Wang X, Gong J, et al. Graphene-based nanocomposites for efficient photocatalytic hydrogen evolution: Insight into the interface toward separation of photogenerated charges. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2018, 10: 43760-43767 CrossRef Google Scholar

[33] Wang K, Zhang G, Li J, et al. 0D/2D Z-scheme heterojunctions of bismuth tantalate quantum dots/ultrathin g-C3N4 nanosheets for highly efficient visible light photocatalytic degradation of antibiotics. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2017, 9: 43704-43715 CrossRef Google Scholar

[34] Zhou L, Zhu J, Yu M, et al. MoxW1−xO3·0.33H2O solid solutions with tunable band gaps. J Phys Chem C, 2010, 114: 20947-20954 CrossRef Google Scholar

[35] Li Y, Wu X, Li J, et al. Z-scheme g-C3N4@CsxWO3 heterostructure as smart window coating for UV isolating, Vis penetrating, NIR shielding and full spectrum photocatalytic decomposing VOCs. Appl Catal B-Environ, 2018, 229: 218-226 CrossRef Google Scholar

[36] Wu X, Wang J, Zhang G, et al. Series of MxWO3/ZnO (M = K, Rb, NH4) nanocomposites: Combination of energy saving and environmental decontamination functions. Appl Catal B-Environ, 2017, 201: 128-136 CrossRef Google Scholar

[37] Yin H, Kuwahara Y, Mori K, et al. High-surface-area plasmonic MoO3−x: Rational synthesis and enhanced ammonia borane dehydrogenation activity. J Mater Chem A, 2017, 5: 8946-8953 CrossRef Google Scholar

[38] Zhang S, Shi Y, He T, et al. Ultrathin tungsten bronze nanowires with efficient photo-to-thermal conversion behavior. Chem Mater, 2018, 30: 8727-8731 CrossRef Google Scholar

[39] Huang H, Tu S, Zeng C, et al. Macroscopic polarization enhancement promoting photo- and piezoelectric-induced charge separation and molecular oxygen activation. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2017, 56: 11860-11864 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

  • Figure 1

    XRD patterns of CsWO and Mo-doped samples with various concentrations.

  • Figure 2

    TEM (a), HRTEM (b) and element mapping (c–g) images of the sample 5% Mo-CsWO.

  • Figure 3

    XPS spectra of the samples CsWO and 5% Mo-CsWO: (a) survey, (b) Cs 3d, (c) W 4f, (d) O 1s, and (e) Mo 3d.

  • Figure 4

    Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (a) and the corresponding Tauc plots (b) of the prepared four samples, and the Mott-Schottky lines (c) and the proposed band structures (d) for the CsWO and 5% Mo-CsWO samples based on calculations.

  • Figure 5

    CO (a) and CH3OH (b) yields from the anaerobic CO2 reduction during 4 h irradiation, and the corresponding productions with reaction rates from fresh air reduction (c) over the as-prepared samples; photocatalytic CO2 reduction rate as a function of various conditions (d) as well as photocatalytic stability (e) of the sample 5% Mo-CsWO.

  • Figure 6

    PL spectra (a), transient photocurrent response lines (b) and electrochemical impedance plots (c) of the samples, and the in-situ FTIR spectra (d) of the sample 5% Mo-CsWO during the CO2 reduction.