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SCIENTIA SINICA Informationis, Volume 50 , Issue 4 : 465-482(2020) https://doi.org/10.1360/SSI-2019-0225

Review of recent research on fault injection for high-speed train information control systems

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  • ReceivedOct 15, 2019
  • AcceptedNov 1, 2019
  • PublishedApr 14, 2020

Abstract

The high-speed train information control system (HST-ICS) is one of the key systems to ensure a train's overall safety and one of the main fault sources in high-speed trains. Real-time fault diagnosis is an effective solution for improving the system operation's reliability and safety. To verify whether it meets the requirements of the train's on-board applications, fault injection is an important way to realize safe and realistic simulations of various fault scenarios. The HST-ICS structure is complex, and its fault scenarios present a variety of complex features, such as an inaccessible fault location, temporal and spatial transition characteristics, lack of system-level fault injection architecture, and simulation resource constraints. These scenarios make effective fault injection challenging. First, this paper reviews the state-of-the-art fault injection and discusses the significance of real-time simulation-oriented fault injection (RTS-FI). Then, the challenges of RTS-FI for HST-ICS are analyzed further, and some solutions are provided. Finally, future research regarding fault injection for HST-ICS is discussed.


Funded by

国家自然科学基金(61490702,61773407)

湖南省重点实验室(2017TP1002)

湖南省研究生科研创新项目(CX2018B041,CX20190064)


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  • Figure 1

    (Color online) Rapid control prototyping-based realtime simulation platform

  • Figure 2

    (Color online) Hardware in the loop-based realtime simulation platform

  • Figure 3

    (Color online) Fault injection-based real-time simulation platform framework of fault testing and verification for high-speed train information control system

  • Figure 4

    (Color online) HLA-RTI-based co-simulation structure of fault injection for the fault testing and verification of high-speed train information control system

  • Figure 5

    (Color online) The real-time simulation-oriented fault injection architecture for fault testing and verification platform of high-speed train information control system

  • Figure 6

    Sequential vector subgraph of ${\boldsymbol~G}_{0}$

  • Figure 7

    Sequential vector subgraph of ${\boldsymbol~G}_{f0}$

  • Figure 8

    (Color online) Real-time simulation platform for the fault injection-based fault testing and verification of high-speed train information control system

  • Table 1   Comparison of the fault-injection-based application verification platform
    Platform implementation Fault injection Real-time testing for algorithm Coverage of fault scenarios Price/ time cost Confidence level Refs.
    Physcial test bench system Hardware/software Satisfied Hardware fault in dominant Expensive/high High, physical truth [47,48]
    Virtual/subreal-time simulation Simulation Dissatisfied Less limited Cheaper/low Low, a little different from reality [51,52]
    Realtime simulation Hardware/sofeware/simulation Satisfied Individual components & simple faults,difficult to complex faults Cheap/medium Medium, close to reality [53,54]

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