logo

SCIENTIA SINICA Informationis, Volume 50 , Issue 9 : 1395(2020) https://doi.org/10.1360/SSI-2020-0112

Research status and future of quantum information technology

More info
  • ReceivedApr 29, 2020
  • AcceptedMay 25, 2020
  • PublishedSep 16, 2020

Abstract

Quantum information technology is an emerging interdisciplinary field of quantum mechanics and information science, whose birth will promote a new era of human intelligence from classical technology to quantum technology. This paper elaborates on the research status and future of the field of quantum information technology. Moreover, this paper shows the vision of quantum technology, i.e., the construction of various types of quantum networks, including quantum cloud computing networks, distributed quantum computing, quantum sensor networks, and quantum key distribution networks. Quantum computers have transformed research from the laboratory to the development of practical devices led by these enterprises. Currently, research and development of quantum computers have shifted to the stage of noisy intermediate-scale quantum computers (NISQ). In the era of quantum technology, there is no absolutely secure secrecy system or omnipotent way of deciphering Information and information security has entered a new stage of “quantum offense and defense."


Funded by

中国科学院前沿科学重点研究项目“第二次量子革命若干问题的实验研究"(QYZDY-SSW-SLH003)


References

[1] von Neumann J. Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1955. Google Scholar

[2] Feynman R P. Simulating Physics with Computers. Int J Theor Phys, 1982, 21: 467-488 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[3] Deutsch D. Quantum theory, the Church-Turing principle and the universal quantum computer. In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 1985. 97--117. Google Scholar

[4] Shor P W. Algorithms for quantum computation: discrete logarithms and factoring, In: Proceedings of the 35th IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, Santa Fe, 1994. Google Scholar

[5] Waldrop M M. The chips are down for Moore's law. Nature, 2016, 530: 144-147 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[6] Nielsen M A, Chuang I L. Quantum Computation and Quantum Information. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Google Scholar

[7] DiVincenzo D P. The Physical Implementation of Quantum Computation. Fortschr Phys, 2000, 48: 771-783 CrossRef Google Scholar

[8] Li C Z. Quantum Communication and Quantum Computation. Changsha: National University of Defense Technology Press, 2000 [李承祖. 量子通信与量子计算. 长沙: 国防科技大学出版社, 2000]. Google Scholar

[9] Schlosshauer M A. Decoherence and the Quantum-To-Classical Transition. Berlin: Springer, 2007. Google Scholar

[10] Brassard G. Brief history of quantum cryptography: a personal perspective. In: Proceedings of IEEE Information Theory Workshop on Theory and Practice in Information Theoretic Security, Awaji Island, 2005. 19--23. Google Scholar

Copyright 2020  CHINA SCIENCE PUBLISHING & MEDIA LTD.  中国科技出版传媒股份有限公司  版权所有

京ICP备14028887号-23       京公网安备11010102003388号