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Chinese Science Bulletin, Volume 65 , Issue 5 : 373-379(2020) https://doi.org/10.1360/TB-2019-0266

Suggestions on China’s capacity building in response to climate change in the “post-Paris” era

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  • ReceivedJul 3, 2019
  • AcceptedOct 24, 2019

Abstract

Climate change presents an important environmental challenge that is being addressed by the global community. The socio-economic efforts to address climate change involve both international and domestic economic transformation, industrial upgrading, infrastructure protection, and disaster prevention and mitigation, amongst other considerations. In particular, capacity-building is a prerequisite for both participating in global climate governance and for targeting domestic response measures. After the Paris Agreement, global climate governance has entered the new so-called “post-Paris” era. Changes to the United States’ global climate policy have exacerbated the complexity of global climate governance, but domestic actions by stakeholders at the national or sub-national level are still striving toward the goals agreed to in the Paris Agreement. In particular, China faces significant challenges in addressing climate change impacts in both global mitigation efforts and domestic adaptation needs. Here, we identify areas shortcoming in capacity building for China that are targeted for improvement in the “post-Paris” era. Firstly, advances in the basic scientific research capacity of China to study climate change should focus on climate change detection attribution, prediction and impact assessment. One specific approach includes the development of climate system models along with the improvement of the comprehensive climate observation system should be implemented to improve fundamental research on climate related topics. Secondly, it is necessary to further enhance China’s climate adaptation capacity, particularly targeting adaptation goals for agriculture and urbanized areas as well as improving risk assessment and management of for already-occurring disasters. Thirdly, the development of a comprehensive understanding and support system for policy makers that can be used to integrate climate change responses into China’s international and domestic policies is critical for formulating effective mitigation and adaptation efforts. Fourthly, efforts should also be taken in building and enhancing a clear legal system that addresses emerging challenges in mitigation and adaptation. To address many of the above challenges, improvements and expansions also need to be made to strengthen the national expertise in relevant professional fields of climate change, so as to effectively support the pertinence, specialization, refinement, and aptitude in developing strategies for the many climate change-related challenges facing China. Lastly, enhancements in public outreach, awareness and education on climate change will help the public to consciously practice many of the capacity-building efforts being developed, including adopting the concept of green and low carbon in their daily life.


Acknowledgment

感谢国家重点研发计划(2018YFC1509008)和中国气象局气候变化专项(CCSF201925, CCSF202043)的支持. 感谢宾夕法尼亚州立大学Kevin Bowley副教授对英文摘要的修改.


Author information

张永香 理学博士, 国家气候中心副研究员, 联合国气候变化框架公约巴黎能力建设委员会委员. 主要从事历史气候与气候变化政策研究, 主持和参与多项国家自然科学基金、国家重点研发计划等多项课题研究, 长期参与联合国气候变化框架公约和政府间气候变化专门委员会等相关科技工作.


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