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Chinese Science Bulletin, Volume 65 , Issue 20 : 2076-2084(2020) https://doi.org/10.1360/TB-2020-0424

Research on the strategy of optimizing the discipline layout of environmental geosciences under the National Natural Science Foundation of China

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Abstract

Optimizing the discipline layout is an important task for deepening the reform of National Natural Science Foundation of China. The discipline of environmental geosciences (DEG) has a short history and is not perfect in the discipline layout and system framework. The DEG takes the opportunity of optimizing the discipline layout and proactively responses to the top-level strategy of “Habitable Earth-Earth System Science”, initiated by the Department of Earth Sciences. Based on a wide range of strategic research, the establishment background of DEG was reviewed, and the challenges of DEG in terms of research objects, theoretical systems, technical methods, and research paradigms were analyzed. The overall concept of optimizing the discipline layout of DEG was clarified, namely basic disciplines, interdisciplinary disciplines, cutting-edge fields, new technologies and methods, and national needs. Based on the overall concept of the discipline layout, the discipline framework of “four beams and eight pillars” was established. Four basic disciplines constitute the “four beams”: Soil science (D0701), environmental water science (D0702), environmental atmospheric science (D0703) and environmental biology (D0704). Four interdisciplinary disciplines and four cutting-edge fields together constitute the “eight pillars”. The four interdisciplinary disciplines include engineering geological environment and disaster (D0705), environmental geology (D0706), environmental geochemistry (D0707) and ecotoxicology (D0708). The four cutting-edge fields are environmental pollutant behavior and environmental effects (D0709), environment and health risks (D0710), quaternary environment (D0711), environmental information and environment forecast (D0712). New technologies and methods of DEG (D0713) are the support of the discipline. Regional environmental quality and safety (D0714) and environmental protection and sustainable development (D0715) are the major objectives of DEG to serve national needs. Combining the characteristics and advantages of DEG to serve national needs, the connotation of DEG is defined as pollution environment, ecological environment, disaster environment and healthy environment. The existing problems of the discipline application codes were identified, including incomplete code system, unsmooth logical relationship between codes, and unbalanced code level and size. The preliminary adjustment proposals for the application codes were put forward. This study is for related researchers to discuss and promote the high-quality development of DEG.


Acknowledgment

感谢吴丰昌、崔鹏、彭建兵、陶澍、王焰新、夏军、朱永官等院士, 安太成、程海、李芳柏、李向东、刘彦随、骆永明、罗义、沈仁芳、施斌、孙红文、唐辉明、王震宇、王自发、王子健、肖举乐、闫俊华、岳天祥、张甘霖、赵晓丽, 郑春苗、朱东强、祝凌燕、朱彤(按姓氏拼音排序)等专家在学科布局优化和申请代码调整过程中贡献的智慧. 感谢各分支学科战略研究组的辛勤工作, 本文二级申请代码的内涵, 主要来自分支学科战略研究组的研究成果. 感谢环境地球科学领域广大科技工作者, 在各类学术会议和论坛给我们提出的建设性意见和建议, 为学科优化布局和申请代码调整奠定了坚实的基础.

刘羽 博士, 国家自然科学基金委员会研究员. 长期从事国家自然科学基金项目管理和资助战略研究工作, 现负责环境地球科学领域项目管理和学科发展研究等. 担任联合国教科文组织(UNESCO)的国际地球科学计划(IGCP)中国全国委员会副主任委员, 国际大洋发现计划(IODP)中国专家咨询委员会专家.


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  • Figure 1

    The overall layout diagram of environmental geosciences

  • Table 1   Table 1 Preliminary adjustment plan for application codes of environmental geosciences

    现有申请代码

    调整后新的申请代码

    调整说明

    代码布局

    D0701

    土壤学

    D070101 土壤圈形成与演化

    D0701

    土壤学

    二级代码暂保持不变, 取消三级代码, 三级代码涵盖的学科领域范围归类至二级代码

    基础学科

    D070102 土壤物理学

    D070103 土壤化学

    D070104 土壤生物学

    D070105 土壤侵蚀与水土保持

    D070106 土壤肥力与土壤养分循环

    D070107 土壤污染与修复

    D070108 土壤质量与食物安全

    D0702

    环境水科学

    D070201 地表水环境

    D0702

    环境水科学

    二级代码保持不变, 取消三级代码

    D070202 地下水环境

    D070203 环境水循环

    D0703

    环境大气科学

    D0703

    环境大气科学

    保持不变

    D0704

    环境生物学

    D070401 环境生态学

    D0704

    环境生物学

    三级代码生态毒理学调整为二级代码, 调至交叉学科板块, 取消其他三级代码

    D070402 环境微生物学

    D070403 生态毒理学

    D0705

    工程地质环境与灾害

    D0705

    工程地质环境与灾害

    保持不变

    交叉学科

    D0706

    环境地质学

    D0706

    环境地质学

    保持不变

    D0707

    环境地球化学

    D070701 环境生物地球化学

    D0707

    环境地球化学

    二级代码保持不变, 取消三级代码

    D070702 环境有机地球化学

    D0708

    生态毒理学

    新增. 环境生物学下设的三级代码生态毒理学和污染物行为过程及其环境效应下设的三级代码污染物生物有效性与生态毒理合并, 新增为二级代码

    D0708

    污染物行为过程与环境效应

    D070801 污染物迁移、转化、归趋动力学

    D0709

    污染物行为与环境效应

    (1) 代码名称调整为污染物行为与环境效应, 表述更简洁

    (2) 原三级代码污染物健康与环境风险, 提升为新的二级代码环境与健康风险

    (3) 原三级代码污染物生物有效性与生态毒理中的生态毒理, 整合到二级代码生态毒理学

    前沿领域

    D070802 污染物生物有效性与生态毒理

    D070803 污染物区域空间过程与生态风险

    D070804 污染物环境与健康风险

    D0710

    环境与健康风险

    新增. 将原三级代码污染物环境与健康风险归至该二级代码内, 充实内涵

    D0709

    第四纪环境

    D0711

    第四纪环境

    代码编码调整为D0711, 代码名称保持不变

    D0710

    环境变化与环境预测

    D0712

    环境信息与环境预测

    代码编码调整为D0712, 代码名称调整为环境信息与环境预测, 内涵有所调整

    D0713

    环境地球科学新技术与新方法

    新增

    技术支撑

    D0711

    区域环境质量与安全

    D071101 区域环境质量综合评估

    D0714

    区域环境质量与安全

    二级代码编码调整为D0714. 二级代码名称保持不变, 取消三级代码

    国家需求

    D071102 自然灾害风险评估与公共安全

    D071103 重大工程活动的影响

    D071104 生态恢复及其环境效应

    D0715

    环境保护与可持续发展

    新增

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